The historic trans activist Mar Cambrollé is clear: “The mobilization has been the only way to achieve our rights. They are not going to give us anything.” For this reason, the Trans Platform, of which she is president, has once again convened the group this Saturday to commemorate the International Day of Trans Memory, denounce the violence they suffer and ask that the processing of the trans law be improved and accelerated. against fascism.
The Government approves the ‘trans law’, which provides for gender self-determination
International Trans Memory Day has been celebrated every year since 1998 in various countries around the world to remember those people who have been victims of transphobia. Since 2008, 14 trans people have been murdered in Spain, two of them in 2020, according to the registry of the Observatory of Murdered Trans Persons, from the Trans Respect platform, which has accounted for a total of 4,042 cases reported worldwide until September of this year. Of those more than 4,000 murders that have been recorded, 375 have occurred in the last year and 96% of the victims were women or female trans people.
According to the latest report on the evolution of hate crimes in Spain, published by the Ministry of the InteriorIn 2020, 277 cases were registered due to sexual orientation or gender identity. It is one less than the previous year, prior to confinement, and represents more than 20% of the total. The memory of two of the last cases of violence against transgender people in Spain has been present in the reading of the manifesto, in Puerta del Sol: that of the young woman thrown from the wall of Lugo and that of the 63-year-old woman who he precipitated from a third floor when he was escaping from his attacker in Malaga. But these are not the only ones: different entities have been reporting other cases in recent months, such as the attack on a trans person outside a bar in Palencia in September or the three punches against a 64-year-old woman shouting ” fucking fag “in Vitoria in July.
Discrimination not only comes in the form of direct violence, but also through other spheres, such as work or school. Various reports reveal that trans people have a harder time accessing a job than cisgender people. According to a UGT study published this summer, 80% of trans people are unemployed and almost 70% fear recognizing their gender identity at work. Another FELGTBI + report indicates that 58% of trans students have been victims of bullying.
“Trans rights are human rights”, dozens of people have chanted, who have traveled the Gran Vía from Pedro Zerolo Square, in Chueca, to Puerta del Sol, passing through Preciados street, after a banner that collected that “against fascism, trans law “. A claim that takes into account the rise of the extreme right and the fear that LGTBI rights will enter into political negotiation or will be lost before governments of different signatures. They take into account, for example, that the president of the Community of Madrid, Isabel Díaz Ayuso, has been willing to make changes in these regional laws to achieve the support of Vox to the Budgets or the proposal of PP and Vox in Murcia de fine anyone who uses inclusive language in the Administration.
“The Government cannot leave us abandoned to the adventure of other formations,” says the president of the Federation of trans collectives of the Spanish state Plataforma Trans, which asks to settle “the debt with trans people.” “We don’t want more, but neither do we want less,” he claims.
“We are not going to allow the expansion of a law that arrives late and that comes to compensate and repair the debt with trans people,” explains Cambrollé. Collectives in defense of trans people demand that this draft law be improved in three key aspects: the inclusion of trans migrants, non-binary identities and that it does not leave out trans childhoods.
Elena Fernández is the mother of a trans minor. He has attended the demonstration because “there is much left to ensure that everything is the same in society” and because he is concerned about “the fat entry of parties with fascist overtones” on the political scene.
In 2019, the Constitutional Court ruled that trans minors with sufficient maturity could register their sex change and that demanding to be of legal age for a gender change in the DNI is unconstitutional. Something that the new trans and LGTBI law does not contemplate, as Cambrollé indicates, which threatens to take the rule to the European Court of Human Rights if this claim is not included: “We ask for the right to identity and that our childhoods are not mistreated” .
Non-binary identities are also left out of the blueprint. Cris Sol, a 23-year-old young man, was demonstrating this Saturday “for trans memory”, but also to ask that his identity be included in the DNI. “Our claim is the right to be and respect,” he says. “We are not included at all and we cannot change the name,” he laments, surrounded by a group of colleagues. “We think it will take time (to be included),” he explains, but his priority is to go “step by step” so that “trans people get their rights.”
Last June, the Government approved the draft of the new ‘trans law’, merged with the LGBTI. A rule that generated tensions within the coalition government and maintains the opposition of a sector of the feminist movement, contrary to the self-determination of gender, which allows trans people to make the registry change without providing evidence or the testimony of third parties. These tensions have been present in the march, where it has been repeatedly chanted that “transphobia is not feminism” and the opposition of the former Vice President of the Government, Carmen Calvo, to gender self-determination, has been recalled, considering that it does not guarantee “legal certainty”.