Last Tuesday, August 30, archaeological work began to locate and exhume new mass graves of civilian victims of Franco’s repression in the Farasdués cemetery (Ejea de los Caballeros, Zaragoza).
At the end of 2020, a first exhumation campaign was carried out, financed by the Comarca de las Cinco Villas, the Zaragoza Provincial Council and the City Councils of Ejea de los Caballeros and Uncastillo, in which two graves were located and exhumed. common with a total of 18 victims. The first of them housed the bodies of ten women from Uncastillo murdered by Falangists on August 31, 1936. The second contained the remains of a group of men murdered on September 8, 1936, who were imprisoned in the party jail in Ejea de los Caballeros.
Between August 25 and the end of September 1936, at least four large groups of people from that prison were murdered. In addition to the ten women, more than thirty five residents of Asín, Ardisa, Erla, Ejea, Biota, Castiliscar, Luna, Lacorvilla, Sádaba and Farasdués himself, as well as three Navarrese shepherds, ended their days under the bullets of the firing squads in Farasdués, being buried in clandestine graves in the local cemetery.
This year we will work on a double slope. On the one hand, the field work of the archaeological intervention will consist of the location and exhumation of new mass graves in the Farasdués cemetery, which could be three or four more and, on the other hand, the genetic study of the 18 victims will be carried out. already exhumed in 2020.
On August 31, the first evidence of a new mass grave with two bodies was found. They probably correspond to two men aged 32 and 52 murdered in Farasdués on August 25, 1936, whose names are unknown. With almost total certainty they came from some nearby Cincoville town, since it does not seem that they passed through the Ejea de los Caballeros jail. In this sense, the team responsible for the work requests that those who have relatives who can fit in with these data or have ancestors killed in the Farasdués cemetery, contact them by email [email protected].
The intervention is carried out by the technical team that since 2012 has worked on more than thirty archaeological interventions to locate and exhume common graves from the Spanish Civil War and the postwar period in Aragon, led by archaeologists Fco. Javier Ruiz Ruiz and José Ignacio Piedrafita Soler, with the historian Cristina Sánchez Martínez, the anthropologist Miriam Gracia and the archaeologists Ana Rubio and Ricardo Gayán.
The works have been again promoted by the Aragonese Memorialist History and Archeology Collective (CHAMA) and by the Charata Association for the Recovery of the Historical Memory of Uncastillo, as well as with the collaboration of members of other Cincovillesas memorialist associations such as the ARMH Batallón Cinco Villas and the ARMH Simién de Luesia, the Association for Recovery and Research Against Forgetfulness (ARICO) and other volunteers.
The financing necessary to carry out these complex works and studies comes from the aid that the Provincial Council of Zaragoza grants annually for work on the Recovery of Historical Memory, from the aid of the General Directorate of Cultural Heritage of the Government of Aragon and from a grant in matters of democratic memory granted in this sense by the FEMP to the Ejea de los Caballeros City Council, which also collaborates with its own resources.