Monday, October 18

Administrative elections in Italy and perspectives



At a time when the Italian Government of national unity led by Mario Draghi operates in a determined manner and with national and international success, the electoral results of the mayors of the big cities have confirmed the voter disaffection with conflicting or populist policies of the parties.

Voters have decreased and the candidates have not been up to the task, especially in the center-right, which has presented unknown candidates from civil society and little experts in Public Administration.

The conclusion of these elections is that citizens appreciate the current Draghi government beyond political parties, to which they attribute controversial and constantly electoral behaviors while the country needs to solve serious problems and needs.

In these administrative elections, the party with the most important fall has been that of Grillo and Conte, who have lost many votes and also the important mayoralties of Rome and Torino that in the previous elections had won with a majority result.

These elections, although local, offer some directions for future national elections. To govern the country, the center-right, so far with a majority in Italy in the polls, has to clarify the internal competition within the Lega itself between the more radical vision of Salvini and the more moderate vision of Minister Giorgetti, reducing the fight for the leadership between Lega and Fratelli d’Italia and therefore find a shared leadership that can add to the moderates of the Center.

For its part, the center-left to win has to reach an alliance between the Democratic Party, the weakest, 5 Stars and the other minor left parties. If neither the center-right nor the center-left achieve their objectives, nothing is discounted.

For example, there could be a new proportional electoral law since there are eight parties that divide most of the voters. Four big ones like Lega and Fratelli d’Italia from the right, PD and 5 Stars from the left and four smaller ones like Forza Italia, Italia Viva by Renzi and Azione the three from the Center and LEU from the Left.

Before the next elections in Italy, the competition for the delicate election of the President of the Republic will open. About this there are three hypotheses. The first is the confirmation of President Mattarella until the end of 2023 of the current legislature. The second, the election to President of the Republic of Mario Draghi with new national elections and a new president of the Council of Ministers. And the third, the election of a new president of the Republic elected from among the parliamentarians and senators.

However, the confusion and weaknesses of the parties together with a popular sentiment of consensus for the current government exclude Mario Draghi from leaving the presidency of the Council of Ministers before 2023. Then, or the confirmation of Mattarella for at least two others years or the election of a new president among parliamentarians or senators.

The first hypothesis would be the ideal given the institutional credibility of President Mattarella, the second hypothesis is a question mark because an agreement between the parties will be very difficult.

Personally, in this third hypothesis, I hope that a moderate person will be chosen with the institutional qualities of the current president Mattarella. I also hope that for the first time in Italy there will also be valuable women among the candidates, such as Maria Elisabetta Alberti Casellati, elected the first woman in Italian political history to the presidency of the Senate, second position of the State.

At the moment, having the luck of having a Prime Minister like Mario Draghi, we remain focused on advance the economic recovery and the necessary reforms to be able to use the European funds destined for Italy.

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