Tuesday, October 26

AMD Ryzen 6000: everything we know about Zen 4 processors | Digital Trends Spanish


AMD took a year off in 2021, so all eyes are on 2022 and processors AMD Ryzen 6000 long awaited. Built with the Zen 4 architecture, there are rumors that these chips will be up to 40 percent faster than the previous generation and will feature a completely new socket design, something that breaks with decades of tradition at AMD.

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The stakes are high on the Ryzen 6000, and the generation could finally cement to AMD as the processor market leader versus Intel. After gaining parity with its rival in 2021, AMD is on track to overtake the old desktop ruler. Intel has some exciting products to come too, and we don’t know if AMD will settle for resting on its laurels.

We’re still a year away from the Ryzen 6000 launch, but we’ve learned a lot about the next generation. Here’s everything you need to know to get up to speed on price, release date, and performance.

Pricing and availability

Although AMD has announced its Zen 4 architecture, it has yet to do so with next-gen desktop chips. We’re not sure if they’ll fall under the Ryzen 6000 or 7000 banner, as AMD skipped the 4000 series on desktop models and jumped straight to Ryzen 5000. It could also do the same for Zen 4 processors, reserving Ryzen 6000 for mobile devices. .

Regardless, the processors are said to arrive in 2022. Computing insiders built a timeline from disparate pieces of a leaked AMD roadmap, pointing to Zen 4 arriving in 2022.

AMD CEO Lisa Su also confirmed that the chips are ready to arrive in the second half of 2022 in a recent investor call.

AMD is expected to maintain the prices of the previous generation. AMD raised the price of the Ryzen 7 5800X, 9 5900X, and 9 5950X by $ 50 each compared to their Ryzen 3000 counterparts. Given Intel’s upcoming Alder Lake processors and the pressure they could put on the Team Red, we do not expect AMD to raise prices again.

However, it is possible. Chip shortages have driven up component prices across the board, so we could be entering a time when processors are more expensive overall. In the case of Ryzen 6000, it will depend on the price of Intel to its Alder Lake and the performance of the Zen 4 compared to them.

For reference, here are the Ryzen 5000 chip prices now:

  • Ryzen 5 5600X: $ 300
  • Ryzen 7 5800X: $ 450
  • Ryzen 9 5900X: $ 550
  • Ryzen 9 5950X: $ 800

Architecture

AMD Ryzen 5000 without cap.

As mentioned, the Ryzen 6000 chips are based on the Zen 4 architecture. This is a continuation of the Zen microarchitecture that AMD has been using since the Ryzen 1000, but uses a much smaller manufacturing process.

AMD has confirmed that Zen 4 will use a 5nm manufacturing process and will likely continue to use chipmaker TSMC. Ryzen 5000 chips currently use TSMC’s 7nm manufacturing process.

It is said that that the 5nm node, known as N5 in TSMC, offers a 15 percent increase in speed and a 1.8X transistor density over N7. TSMC also says that the node consumes 30 percent less power.

That’s not to say that Zen 4 will match those improvements. In reality, AMD can probably achieve higher speed through the design of the chip. The big problem is the 1.8X increase in density of the transistor.

Although AMD hasn’t announced anything yet, the Zen 4 chips are likely to use a single-core design. That puts more emphasis on transistor density, essentially allowing AMD to squeeze more out of the same die space.

Rumor has it that these enhancements offer up to a 25 percent increase in single-core performance. AMD may also be inspired by Intel Alder Lake processors.

Intel is using a hybrid architecture with two types of cores, unlike AMD, which seems to stick with a single type of core. The company has been opened about the fact that he thinks hybrid architectures aren’t ready for desktop yet.

Performance

Image of a processor going into a socket of a motherboard, to know everything about AMD Ryzen 6000
AMD

So far from launch, it’s too early to say how the Ryzen 6000 will perform. The only report we have comes from the blog. Chips and Cheese, which states that Zen 4 chips could see an overall 40 percent increase compared to the previous generation and a 25 percent increase in single-core performance. The rumor also claims 5GHz speeds across all cores.

Those kinds of gains are not out of the question, optimistic as they may be. AMD is transitioning from full node to N5, which represents a massive increase in density – 1.87 times more than N7, to be exact.

It seems that AMD is focusing on making the best cores for Ryzen 6000, not packing more of them on the chip. Although we don’t have any rumors to support core counts yet, that may be the focus.

A 20 percent gain in single-core performance has become the norm for every generation, so if AMD can increase instructions per clock (IPC) by 25 percent with Zen 4, it will be a big deal. .

Although we have singled out Alder Lake as the competitor, Intel will also launch its Raptor Lake chips in 2022. This generation will bring a full node transition for Intel, and will feature the same hybrid architecture as Alder Lake. We’re still a year or so away, but the battle of architectural designs will be interesting in 2022.

New chipset and socket

Render of an AMD Zen 4 processor.

With the next generation of processors, AMD is retiring the AM4 socket that it has used since the launch of the first generation Ryzen chips. That shouldn’t come as a surprise, as the socket will be around five years old by the time the next-gen Ryzen chips appear.

AMD is using the AM5 socket for these new chips, that’s what we know, and rumors suggest that it could feature a radical redesign. Rumors point to AMD using an LGA1718 socket design.

Land Grid Array, or LGA sockets place the processor pins on the motherboard instead of the chip. Intel has used LGA sockets for several generations, while AMD has stuck with the old Pin Grid Array (PGA) socket design.

As the name suggests, the LGA1718 is said to feature 1,718 pins on the motherboard. LGA designs can support higher pin density, and that’s evident when comparing AM5 to AM4. The PGA AM4 socket comes with 1,331 pins.

Although AMD appears to be switching to a new socket design, the Ryzen 6000 chips will use the same 40 x 40mm size. AMD has confirmed that heatsinks that are compatible with the AM4 socket will also work with the AM5.

With a new socket, AMD is expected to release a 600-series chipset, probably X670 if past generations are something worth keeping. At a recent Ryzen 5th anniversary celebration, AMD announced that the new chipset will support DDR5 and PCIe 5.0 memory.

Integrated graphics and APU

AMD RX 6700 XT on a table.

Like previous generations, AMD will likely launch a range of APUs with Zen 4 chips that feature integrated graphics. However, some rumors suggest that it will include integrated graphics in its chips across the board.

A series of leaked documents from Gigabyte showed that AMD plans to add “GFX hybrid support” to its upcoming processors, confirming earlier rumors that the Ryzen 6000 chips will come with integrated graphics.

Also, rumors suggest that AMD is using its RDNA 2 GPU architecture for integrated graphics. This is the same current AMD architecture on its Radeon RX 6000 graphics cards, as well as on Xbox Series X and PlayStation 5.

Originally, rumors pointed to AMD using 12 RDNA 2 compute units (CUs) in Ryzen 6000 mobile chips. However, it seems that some cables have crossed over with this rumor. AMD supposedly canceled a Zen 3+ generation, which was initially called the Ryzen 6000, to focus on the new architecture.

Hopefully that means 12 RDNA 2 compute units is the minimum for Zen 4 chips, which would offer a huge boost over the APUs AMD offers today.

You may also be able to increase the performance of the integrated graphics. AMD is apparently working to include USB 4 support, opening up the possibility of using external graphics cards with Ryzen 6000 chips.

Most eGPUs require Thunderbolt, which has been unique to Intel platforms since their launch. USB 4 is compatible with the standard, opening the floodgates for AMD.

V-Cache 3D

AMD CEO with a 3D V-Cache processor.

AMD hasn’t announced if the Zen 4 processors will come with their 3D V-Cache technology, but they could. The company says that AM4-based chips with 3D V-Cache are scheduled to launch in 2022.

We are not sure if these processors will live under the Ryzen 5000 banner or not. Since AMD has said that 3D V-Cache can offer up to a 15 percent improvement in games, the company could launch these chips as a new generation.

For now, we suspect the chips will be an update to the Ryzen 5000, with the Ryzen 6000 arriving later in the year. AMD’s 3D V-Cache design seeks to stack the cache on top of the compute matrix. By utilizing the additional space, AMD can accumulate a large amount of cache, which should translate into higher gaming performance.

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