Wednesday, October 20

Andrés Ortiz, expert in artificial intelligence: “Technology can be funny at first, but also dangerous”

That artificial intelligence is not only in today’s society but that it advances every day is already a fact. But it is progressing by leaps and bounds, as Andrés Ortiz García, Professor of the Department of Communications Engineering at the University of Malaga, puts on the table.

Ortiz García is co-director of the course “Practical introduction to artificial intelligence and Deep learning‘”, which this week takes over some of the activities at the Baeza headquarters of the International University of Andalusia (UNIA), where it is putting on the table” a branch of artificial intelligence that is more fashionable, such as applications more innovative, such as facial recognition on mobile phones or when opening a checking account. ”

Thus, it tries “to deal with general and basic concepts of artificial intelligence in general, with a session of deep neural networks, so that the student has access to” the first thing that can be found by someone who has never done something of deep learning“.

Before and after Lola Flores

It is not necessary to stop much to think to deduce that in Spain the knowledge of something called deepfake has had a before and after: the Cruzcampo campaign that “resurrected” Lola Flores with surprising realism. “This type of video has advanced in a brutal way in five years. We are amazed by the faces that are generated today, that you can hardly distinguish if it is fake or not. In fact, there are people who are dedicated to investigating if it is a real face or not, but it’s also something that can be dangerous. ”

And it is that “in one of the sessions of the course we talked about the ethics of artificial intelligence. In the round table we addressed that, in the sense of the legislation, if it is necessary that some type of legislation appears in this regard, because at the beginning the Technology can be funny but, if we get into some fields, it can stop being funny and be dangerous. ”

But artificial intelligence has many positive components, such as working with children to correct their dyslexia before they begin to learn to write or helping people with Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s.

Voting or purchasing intentions

However, technology surrounds us even in basic questions, and an example of this is a social network like Facebook, which “knows what image you have stopped in, how long you have been and then suggests things, friends …”, all in based on the metadata that it controls, that “they want them to sell, to offer us products that they know we are going to buy and, even if you don’t think about buying it, you ask yourself if it is of any use to you.”

“With that all the information is taken out, they even deduce which party is more likely to vote or what type of car you like, all based on probability calculations, because the metadata information gives data even from several years ago” , in addition to, with a premise: “More information is generated from mobile devices than from computers.”

The expert

Andrés Ortiz García is an electronics engineer (2000), a European doctor from the University of Granada (2008) and a doctor from the University of Cádiz (2012). He is currently Professor of the Department of Communications Engineering at the University of Malaga and Principal Investigator of the group of biomedical signal processing, intelligent systems and communications security (BioSiP, TIC-251).

He is co-author of publications and communications in international conferences in the fields of parallel processing, computer networks, intelligent systems and biomedical signal processing.

He is the author of two patents, one of them international. He has worked at Telefónica Móviles SA as a Networks and Systems engineer, performing performance data analysis tasks for GSM, 3G and data networks.

He has received different awards. Among them, in 2013, the first prize of the Telefónica-UAM Chair among more than 850 proposals for an application for the early detection of dyslexia.