Last week the Government of Spain presented the General State Budget Law Project for the next year 2023, thus beginning the journey of the third accounts of the coalition government. Public accounts focused on social justice and economic efficiency that, on the one hand, reinforce the Welfare State with quality public services and, in addition, consolidate growth and job creation through the change in the production model promoted by European funds.
Regarding the first pillar on which these budgets are based, social justice, these accounts combat the rise in inflation by protecting the most vulnerable families, workers and groups, guaranteeing the purchasing power of our elders and public employees.
Thus, for the first time in 13 years, the Government contributes 2,957 million euros to the pension fund, increasing the allocation by 11.4%, reaching 190,687 million euros, which is why there is a revaluation of the pensions according to the CPI around 8.5%, which will benefit more than 1.2 million Madrid pensioners. Regarding public employees in Madrid, more than 410,000 workers will receive a salary improvement of up to 3.5% in 2023, as well as an additional increase of 1.5% for 2022.
The protection of the most vulnerable groups in these budgets is reflected in the increase in the Minimum Vital Income according to the CPI, which will benefit nearly 132,000 people in the Community of Madrid. In addition, there will be a direct financing line of 8.38 million euros for rehousing in Cañada Real, the largest pocket of poverty in our region. Likewise, close to 300,000 unemployed people from Madrid will be more protected with these budgets, since 60% of the regulatory base is recovered from 6 months of benefit. A historical claim that returns rights lost during the PP governments.
Support for families is reflected in several budget measures, such as the extension of transport aid, which represents significant savings for families against inflation, and a commitment to sustainable mobility. In Madrid, more than 462,000 users will be able to benefit from this measure. In addition, the thermal social bonus is increased by 102 million euros, which will be received by more than 137,000 people in our Community.
But a fundamental aid for families is housing, one of the most important factors of social exclusion suffered by the people of Madrid. The measures of access to housing for the youngest increase by 5.4%, allocating 31.8 euros for the consolidation of the Youth Rental Bonus in 2023, which in Madrid will have more than 10,600 young people as beneficiaries.
In addition, Madrid will have 416 million euros for a rehabilitation program for economic and social recovery in residential environments, 140 million for a program to build social rental housing by 2023, and €70 million for the construction of social rental housing by 2023. our region. And at the same time, these budgets include the release of Operation Camp, which provides for the construction of around 12,000 homes.
On the other hand, two fundamental rights are reinforced: education and health. Educational spending increases by 6.6%. A further 400 million euros are earmarked for scholarships and study aid, being able to benefit some 890,000 scholarship holders throughout Spain, of which 117,000 are in Madrid. Likewise, a boost is given to training in new technologies, allocating more than 500 million euros between the Code School 4.0 program, the acquisition of robotics kits to facilitate the learning of programming and the program of new endowment for educational materials. Almost one million boys and girls (890,000) will benefit from this program in Madrid.
As for public health, health spending increased by 6.7% compared to the previous year, including 172 million for the primary care framework, allocating 500 million euros for primary care and mental health infrastructures, which will see the service reinforced mental health care to combat bullying, with an additional 15 million euros.
The first pillar of these new budgets is social justice, but the other is economic efficiency and, without a doubt, these accounts transform the productive model of our Community. For this, we have an indispensable ally that is the European Next Generation EU funds, since three out of every four euros of the Recovery Plan included in the General State Budgets of 2023, are destined to promote a change in the productive model in our Community. .
And all this, with a fair distribution of the burden of the crisis, promoting a fairer, more progressive and efficient tax system, which is based on asking for a greater contribution from those who have the most. Thus, 709,000 workers from Madrid who earn a gross salary of less than 21,000 euros gross, will benefit from an average reduction of 400 euros in personal income tax. More than 143,000 workers who pay income tax today will be exempt thanks to the increase in the exempt minimum, which goes from 14,000 to 15,000 euros gross. 197,000 self-employed workers will benefit from the increase in reductions for income from economic activities, which will allow them to reduce their tax bill by around 120 euros on average. More than 72,000 companies will benefit from the reduction in the nominal rate of Corporate Tax, thanks to which they will save more than 715 euros on average.
Regarding investments, Madrid has assigned a total investment of 1,320.4 million euros, 13.9% more than in the budgets of the previous year, 154 million euros. The most invested Ministry is the Ministry of Transport, Mobility and Urban Agenda, which maintains its effort in Madrid at 1,263.7 million. All sectors see their investment increased. The airport sector increased by 17.5% (19 million euros more), going from 108.4 million to 127.4, making Madrid the first community in Spain in terms of real investment in the airport sector. The rail sector rose by 28.1%, going from 265 million to 339.6, allocating 59.1 million for high speed, 88.4 for expansion of the Cercanías network, 155.9 million for rolling stock and improvement of Cercanías workshops, purchase of new trains, actions in stations and intelligent access controls. And as for roads, the Budget project includes 131.6 million for roads in the Community of Madrid. For the maintenance and improvement of road safety, a budget of 71.8 million is contemplated, and long-awaited actions will be carried out, such as the Bus-HOV on the A-2, the implementation of HOV lanes on the A-42 and the reduction of noise on highways, such as on the section of the A-42 as it passes through the neighborhood of La Alhóndiga de Getafe; The remodeling works of the M-40 – A-6 junction will continue, and the connection between the M-21 and the M-14 and the M31 – Nudo Supersur, Nudo Eisenhower A-2 junctions will be improved, as well as intermodal road access goods in Vicálvaro from the M-45.
Other ministries that invest in Madrid are the Ministry of Culture and Sports with 70.98 million euros, increasing the investment by 19.4 million euros, compared to 2022, 37.92 of which correspond to the Museums program and 21.9 million euros dedicated to the reform and rehabilitation of the Salón de Reinos. The Ministry of the Presidency, Relations with the Courts and Democratic Memory also increases its investments to 40.99 million euros, allocating 22.05 million euros for the Energy Transition Plan and 600,000 euros for the Royal Collections Museum. The investments of the Ministry of Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge in Madrid will be 25.1 million euros: 5 million euros more than in 2022: 5.20 million euros for actions in the Tajo-Segura transfer and 1.4 million euros Real Acequia del Jarama.
These are the data that dismantle the bizarre interpretation of the budgets that, once again, the Government of the Community and the Madrid City Council champion as flagships of a frontal opposition to the Government of Spain, emulating the most stale nationalism in history.
Investment grows more where it is most necessary for it to grow, as is the case in Madrid. For this reason, our region is the fifth autonomous community out of 17 where investment has risen the most, 13.4%. The average investment by Communities stands at 2.9%. Catalonia is 1 tenth above, at 3%. Madrid is 10.5 points above the average investment by communities. Investment in Madrid grows four times more than in Catalonia.
But make no mistake, this is so because Madrid needs it, not because public money is distributed randomly, for political interest or on a whim. Many investments are needed in Madrid and it is necessary to allocate resources because during Rajoy’s mandates it was not done, and it was not done with the complicit and partisan silence of the Madrid leaders of the PP. In fact, in five years of the Pedro Sánchez government, the Community of Madrid has received 46.3% more resources than in the last five years of the previous PP government.
The Government of Spain does not want to encourage competition and confrontation between Autonomous Communities to which the PP always wants to lead us, encouraging tension and distorting reality. The Government of Spain does not act in response to partisan interests or those of large corporations and fortunes, but rather those of the people. The Government works for equality, for social justice, for development and progress, encouraging a healthy economy that is not based on the abandonment of the most vulnerable or burdens the middle and working classes.
Fortunately, the people of Madrid have the Government of Pedro Sánchez to respond to the problems posed by the crisis, which reaches out to institutional and political dialogue, but does not give an inch in defending the interests of the majority.