Wednesday, November 30

Budgets to build a country

While the General State Budgets for 2023 continue on their way before being approved at the end of November, there is still room for negotiation and improvements during the process. These are the third Budgets of a legislature marked by successive crises that have hit the most vulnerable people hard and have reduced the so-called working middle classes.

This complex context does nothing but test the capacity of the State to protect not only the weakest people, but society as a whole. And this is where some General Budgets mark the way to go. The PGE planned for next year present enough lights, but also some shadows on which to continue insisting.

We see a clear vocation to curb poverty and growing inequality with proposals that will increase the Minimum Vital Income and seek to control inflation. They are also committed to parenting support for families with children under 0 to 3 years of age, a measure that is clearly insufficient to deal with the shameful figure of 28.9% of child poverty and exclusion that we have in our country.

We believe that these budgets lose the focus on youth. Investment in educational spending makes us improve as a country, but specific youth policies are necessary to guarantee the possibility of developing a non-precarious life project for young people. Improving access to housing, beyond the Youth Rental Bonus, or being able to access the IMV under equal conditions as the rest of the population, is essential to reduce youth poverty rates, which stand at 35%.

Our care model is still very deficient, sustained in large part thanks to the families and the people they care for, mostly migrant women, many of them in an irregular administrative situation. We hope that the increase in dependency translates into job improvements for female workers and in reducing waiting lists.

The commitment to international solidarity and the commitment to a true fair and inclusive recovery in a global context requires providing the Official Development Assistance with a sufficient budget to face the challenges that we face beyond our borders. In the absence of knowing in detail the budget report detailing the contribution of each ministry to Official Development Assistance, it is important to remember the commitment to reach 0.5% of the Gross National Income during this legislature. We are still far away.

The measures announced in the fiscal sphere, and advanced by the Ministry of Finance a few days ago, are going in the right direction. They involve taxing wealth and higher incomes more, reducing the tax privileges of large companies and alleviating the burden borne by low incomes (self-employed and small businesses). The implementation, as recommended by the OECD, the IMF or the European Commission, of the tax on extraordinary profits of large companies, including banks, is essential.

It is necessary to continue advancing towards a permanent and structural reform of taxation that allows the country to balance its public accounts and strengthen a welfare state that reduces vulnerability and economic and social inequality. In Oxfam Intermon We are concerned that some of these measures are presented as a temporary solution, since they should be the beginning of a path that consolidates a sufficient and progressive tax system, an essential tool for building fairer and less unequal societies.