On the same night of the defeat, the center-right parties got stuck in the debate over who will take over as leader of the sector. However, analysts suggest that they should go a little deeper and redraw the total political project.
Five days after the leftist deputy Gabriel Boric prevailed over the Republican leader Jose Antonio Kast By almost 12 points of difference, the signs indicate that the Chile Vamos pact, formed mainly by the National Renovation, the Independent Democratic Union and Evopoli, has much to reflect on.
The first studies on Boric’s high vote, which exceeded 4,600,000 voters, shows that the right is disconnected from the young electorate; in fact, three out of four minors
30-year-olds voted for the left.
The big data company ‘Decide Chile’ applied a mathematical model that yields interesting figures. According to them, the more than 2 million that Boric added between the first and second round come 41.3% from the other left-wing candidates Yasna Provoste, Marco Enríquez-Ominami and Eduardo Artés; another 25.7% from the populist Franco Parisi; 4.8% from former Minister Sebastián Sichel and 28.7% from new voters who joined for the first time.
This poses a greater challenge for the right wing. Political analyst Max Colodro told ABC that the sector is at “a historic crossroads.” He pointed out that, although he obtained a very good result given the conditions (social outbreak, a government and president with a 70% rejection for 2 years) and reached 50% of the Senate and 44% of the Chamber, it should “be taken very seriously the problem that it has and that is expressed in the absolute disconnection with the new generations.
Experts have pointed out that the center-right remained entrenched in a larger electorate that is going to be reduced and rural that is surpassed for the vote of the big cities. “They have a tremendous generational break, they are not in tune with a globalized world, with new cultural phenomena such as feminism and sexual diversity. Young people do not associate it with a transformation project and see it as the bulwark of the status quo, “explained Colodro.
The analyst insisted that Chile Vamos, rather than resolving if it expands its borders, must define “what project for the future it will offer that is not one of fear and fear, because clearly that is not enough.”
Some of this left between the vice president of the youth of Evopoli, Mauricio Henríquez, who in a public letter affirmed that the result is the reflection of a right that did not believe in the young “And went back to trusting the extremes.”
Expand the pact
The foregoing reflection will also imply resolving whether to expand the pact to include the Kast community, the Republican Party, PLR, and the sectors that are adrift and come from the former Concertación.
Although the UDI is more in tune with PLR, in RN and Evopoli there is discomfort and they express differences in their projects. The latter’s deputy, Francisco Undurraga, was clear: “Supporting Kast was a defeat for our political project,” much more liberal and at the center.
RN deputies urged in the last hours to carry out an ideological congress to confirm their vocation as a center-right, while some voices in the PLR already show their annoyance at the distance they want to take from them; in fact, the elected deputy Luis Fernando Sánchez, on Twitter, advanced: “No one has asked them for that society.”
Max Colodro, at the moment, only sees electoral and legislative agreements between Chile Vamos and the PLR. And in that line is also the president of the UDI, the elected senator Javier Macaya, who does not rule out an articulation, in addition, with the People’s Party bench, whose leader is Parisi.
Meanwhile, the flag bearer of Chile Vamos who came out fourth in the first round, Sebastian Sichel, and whose birthplace is the Christian Democrats, is not enthusiastic about joining. A few nights ago he met with a hundred adherents and launched a new movement «Together we can».
It also doesn’t seem like he’s going to be invited. The former RN candidate Mario Desbordes attacked him for not having joined Kast’s campaign and having placed conditions on it. “It has nothing to do in Chile Vamos,” he settled.
Leader of the opposition
The results of Sunday 19 were a blow to the right, more than anything because they did not expect the young electorate to turn out to vote en masse for the left. The sector got 44% of the electorate that, in terms of votes, there are only 100,000 fewer voters than those obtained by Piñera in the second round in 2017 (3 million 800 thousand).
In RN and Evopoli the waters are restless in the most liberal who believe it was a mistake to end the Republican leader’s campaign, even if it was the only option to confront the ultra-left with a program focused on security and order.
José Antonio Kast went into seclusion after the defeat at his country home near Santiago, but appeared the night before last in a meeting with a small group of supporters. There he intervened in the debate that since Sunday has been installed on who will lead a sector.
“Leadership is not assigned by decree, it is earned and built,” said Kast in a video posted on social networks, while ensuring that his “commitment to Chile is for life.”
The president of RN, Senator Francisco Chahuán, slipped that several, and not only Kast, they will fulfill that role considering that they are the largest bench in Congress (12 senators and 25 deputies). He stressed that leaderships are not awarded with declarations, but that they are won in the territory, in the defense of ideas.
For the senator of that party, Manuel José Ossandón, the issue does not lead to confusion. According to him, Kast did his job and achieved something that nobody expected, but “it is not the right or the center-right that represents me and the majority.”
What is clear is that nobody believes that there is room for Sebastián Piñera. His popularity is minimal and Ossandón was direct: “He must retire from politics.”