80 percent of prisoners who serve their sentence and achieve freedom do not return to prison for new crimes, which means that only two out of ten inmates commit another crime and return to prison. Half of the repeat offenders are in the first three years after achieving freedom.
These are the main conclusions of a pioneering study on recidivism prepared by Penitentiary Institutions that was presented in Burgos this Friday by the Minister of the Interior, Fernando Grande-Marlaska, for whom the data obtained give a “very high” note to the effectiveness of the system and to the mandate of the Constitution to work for reinsertion.
To prepare the report, the Penitentiary Observation Center, dependent on the General Secretariat, has scrutinized the 19,909 people –18,435 men and 1,474 women– who were released in 2009 (the Catalan prison population is not included).
From that year and until 2019, Prisons has studied how many people were re-entered in a prison to serve a sentence for a crime committed after their release. The result was that 5,746 people returned to a cell, although 3,978 were imprisoned –3,778 men and 200 women– for crimes committed after leaving prison, not for having pending cases.
Repeat Offender Profile
Interior highlights that the report has also made it possible to x-ray the profile of those who reoffend: a man (94.9% of cases), of Spanish nationality (88.6%) and who is between 31 and 50 years old (64.6%) . The next age group where recidivism is concentrated is between 18 and 30 years old. Only 5.3% were over 51 and 0.13% over 71.
In addition, the study confirms that the recidivist population (3,978) had been released from prison in 2009 in permanent release –almost eight out of ten–, while 16.18% reached parole and 4.12% had been released. by substitution of sentence or suspension of sentence.
In short, the data reveals that the majority of repeat offenders did not have a period of prior parole, which for Penitentiary Institutions demonstrates the importance of promoting the open regime as the most effective way for an inmate to move towards freedom with a good prognosis. of social integration.
The crimes of recidivism
The X-ray of the repeat offender also puts the magnifying glass on the crimes to know if a prisoner has returned to prison in ten years for the same criminal offense or for a different one.
Among repeat offenders, those who had served a prison sentence for falsehood (69) or for homicide (61) are the least likely to repeat the same crime they already committed. 6.15% of those who had already been incarcerated for that reason return to prison for falsehood and in the case of homicide, 6.55%. In both types, 93.45% return to prison for another type of crime.
On the other hand, the rate of recidivism for the same crime occurs in robberies and thefts: 76.29% of the people who had served a sentence for them commit a robbery again. In an intermediate section, there are crimes committed against road safety (30.72%), all those committed within the scope of gender violence (41.60%) and crimes against public health (42.48%) .
Below 25%, in the reiteration are the crimes of injuries (excluding those produced in a context of gender violence): 12.13% of those who were in prison for this crime repeat it again; crimes against property (13.33%); against public order (20.24%); and crimes against sexual freedom (22.22%).
The times of recurrence
Just over half of repeat offenders (53.01%) committed the crime again within the first three years after their release.
The report reveals a very rapid rate of recidivism, since the highest percentages are recorded between the first and second year after release, while from the seventh year out of prison the increase is very small.
In addition, in 65.8%, recidivism occurs with a single crime compared to 34.1% who do it multiple times.
[En una primera versión de esta información se aseguraba que los condenados por violencia machista reinciden en un 40 por ciento, pero el Ministerio del Interior ha aclarado que no es así, que es que el 41,6% de los condenados por violencia machista que reincide, vuelve a cometer ese delito y no otro]