A year ago, in March 2021, you spent 1,000 euros to cover all your needs: pay the rent, bills, go out to dinner one or two days, go to the supermarket and buy some clothes. If this year you had bought the same products, gone to the same restaurants and purchased the same items, you would have paid 1,098 euros, according to data from the National Institute of Statistics (INE). This difference (9.8% more) is what has changed, on average, the price level of consumer goods and services in Spain in the last year, measured according to the Consumer Price Index (CPI).
What does this mean? That the prices of beer, electricity or avocados have risen by 10% alike? No, this is an overall average of how much the cost of living has risen over that period. This means that there are services or products that may have become much more expensive, others that have risen in price a little or that some items are now cheaper than last year.
For example, in the following graph you can see how much the main spending groups have risen (on average) during the price crisis of the last year according to their weight in our monthly shopping basket.
As you have seen, electricity and gas is, by far, what has risen the most in the price crisis of the last year. Today, the energy bill is 80% more expensive than in March 2021. It must be taken into account that in the case of the electricity bill, the item that has skyrocketed the most, according to the INE, this body only includes households with the regulated tariff (PVPC) of the electricity market, which account for 40% of low-voltage supplies (households and also some SMEs).
However, the inflation crisis is also beginning to affect some of the most basic goods and products such as oil, milk, bread or cereals. To check which products and services have become more expensive and cheaper during the crisis, elDiario.es has analyzed the monthly CPI data in more than 200 different products between January 2019 and March 2022.
In the following graph you can see how the price levels of the main spending groups (around 100 different ones) have evolved in the last three years.
We know that the electricity bill, filling the deposit or turning on the heating have risen a lot in the last year. But how much has the breakfast we eat every morning risen? Going out to dinner at a restaurant, do you go out more than a year ago? Does it cost the same today to have a drink at the bar downstairs?
To make our own index, we calculate how the prices of everyday products and services have risen in the past year. The calculation is an approximation of the price increase from applying the variation of the CPI to the average prices of different products that make up the recipes or average costs of each service, according to the latest available data. See for yourself in the following graph:
The increase in the cost of living has been noted in dozens of products due to the drag effect of the energy bill and the war in Ukraine. For example, essential products such as olive oil, flour and pasta have risen more than 12% in one year. Similar percentage to that of many foods such as milk, rice, meat or eggs.
In addition to food products, clothing and footwear are also more expensive than a year ago. On the other hand, those who have least noticed the rise in prices are in leisure, education or even the price of rent.
The INE breaks down the price increase into more than 200 products and services that make up our shopping basket. In the following graph you can see the evolution of the prices in each of them. Click the button to see more products.
INE data indicates that, in the shopping basket, up to 22 products have risen by more than 10% in price during the last 12 months. In addition to electricity and fuel, with prices skyrocketing due to the consequences of the war in Ukraine, olive oil has risen by 33%, one night in a hotel by 32% and bank commissions by 11%.
It is not the only thing that has risen during the crisis. Also the simple gesture of going to buy a newspaper at the newsstand or subscribing to a digital newspaper costs an average of 6% more than a year ago. On the opposite side, we have some services and products that have barely become more expensive and have even fallen in price in the last 12 months: buying a plane ticket, prescription glasses or the data rate of your mobile company.
The following table groups the increase (or decrease) in prices of each of the 200 subclasses of products that the INE analyzes to calculate the price level of our shopping basket.