Europe will have a new constellation of satellites to track greenhouse gas emissions.
The new space mission was announced by the European Space Agency (ESA) and the European Union’s Earth monitoring program, Copernicus, during the United Nations Climate Change Conference, COP26.
This mission will be based on a constellation of satellites called the European Monitoring and Verification Capacity for anthropogenic CO2 emissions (CO2MVS) and is developed by ESA and the European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT).
Once in orbit, the satellites will measure the concentrations of carbon dioxide and methane, the two most common greenhouse gases, in great detail and in near real time, as explained by those in charge of this program.
The new CO2MVS constellation should be operational by 2026. Copernicus representatives noted that the new satellite tool will “be a game changer” as it will allow climate scientists to see individual sources of greenhouse gas emissions, such as power plants and fossil fuel production centers.
“Since the beginning of the industrial revolution we have seen carbon dioxide levels rise faster than ever, and it is increasingly urgent to take real action to reduce emissions in a very significant way,” said Richard Engelen, one of those in charge. of the project.
“By providing high-quality and globally consistent data on anthropogenic emissions we can support policy makers in this enormous challenge.”