Brothers of Italy wins the Italian elections as the first party and is preparing to take the right to the Government, according to polls at the polls. The poll published by RAI, the Italian public broadcaster, gives the party between 22 and 26 percent of the vote. It is followed by the Democratic Party, which would reach 21 percent at most and which, if the lowest figure in the range were fulfilled, would have the worst result in its history. Meloni’s victory, not because it was announced, is less surprising, in a vote marked by the participation that is predicted to be the lowest in Republican Italy. If the data is confirmed, the auspices of recent weeks would have been fulfilled and Meloni, at 45, will be the first woman to lead a government in Italy, with a majority that could be very large. Only one other woman came so close to reaching Palazzo Chigi: Nilde Iotti, the communist leader who was also the first female president of the Chamber of Deputies, who in 1987 received from the President of the Republic the mandate to try to form a government but did not achievement.
The electoral silence required by Italian law and the ban on disseminating polls in the two weeks prior to the vote have left a wide margin of uncertainty. And in recent days the center-left began to speak of a possible ‘comeback’ with the paradox that, to achieve it, they had to wait for a good result, especially in the south of the country, from the 5 Star Movement (M5S for its acronym in Italian) of Giuseppe Conte, the lawyer who became prime minister by chance and who has managed to resurrect a formation that was considered dead. If the polls are confirmed, the M5S would be between 13.5 and 17.5 percent.
The reverse of this medal is that if the PD and the M5S had not thrown away the possibility of an alliance, the victory of the right would not have been discounted at all. It is a victory that derives from an electoral law that rewards large coalitions – more than a third of the seats are elected by the uninominal system, whoever arrives first wins – and because it is driven almost exclusively by the rise of Meloni’s Brothers of Italy, which has also grown by eating away at rival partner Matteo Salvini, while Forza Italia, Silvio Berlusconi’s party, became the minority partner.
If the definitive data confirm the forecasts, Meloni will be able to boast of several records: she was the youngest minister, when she entered the government with Berlusconi at the age of 29, she may be the first woman in Palazzo Chigi and, above all, she is the woman who, after having gone through the history of the post-fascist right, leads her to lead the Government with a result that no one had ever even imagined. The furthest she got was with Alianza Nacional, which in 1996 obtained 15.7 percent. AN had arisen when Gianfranco Fini decided to liquidate the initials of the Italian Social Movement, the formation founded in 1946 by the followers of Mussolini. The flame that appeared in its symbol continued to remain in the AN logo and is also maintained in the Brothers of Italy logo.
“Ready” has been the campaign motto of a party that four years ago had obtained just over 4 percent of the vote and that, in the ups and downs of this legislature, has always remained in opposition. A posture rewarded by the voters who, amid apathy and weariness, have seen in the ultra party the last option that remained to be tried. More this morning in the polling stations he summed up the election with a “we are going to try since the others have disappointed us”. Meloni and his people will have to show very soon if they were really “ready” to govern, in a “day after” in which, under the spotlights of all Europe and in an autumn of accumulating crises, the divisions in the coalition, who hid under the rug of the electoral campaign.
The crisis of the center left
The center-left will have to begin that refoundation that the militants were already asking for before the results were known. “Courage Enrico”, the militants said this Sunday to Enrico Letta, the leader of the Democratic Party, when very early he went to vote at his school in the central Roman neighborhood of Testaccio. And yet, there too, in a historically ‘red’ zone, the accumulated bad moods surfaced and not only in the form of criticism. “I am angry with the PD, I always voted for the left. I have the first card from when the Italian Communist Party emerged. But what have they done? In the end I have decided to vote for Conte, who found the Government in a difficult moment and did something for the poor”, said Ottavio, an 85-year-old retiree. “I worked 65 years as a butcher, and I have a decent pension, but there are many here who live with 400-450 euros,” he commented, expressing the feelings of many. Also when he spoke of the mistrust towards that moderation that the right tried to sell, inside but especially outside the country. “I hope that if Meloni goes to the Government now, I will do something for the people who do not make ends meet. But the problem is that his party is still full of people who believe in fascism. I do not believe this change. And I remember the fascists.”