Tuesday, December 6

How do you charge an electric vehicle? | Digital Trends Spanish


In the search for more sustainable forms of mobility, electric vehicles have had a significant boost recently.

This is due to the appearance of important competitors, such as Tesla, and the trend that some traditional manufacturers have taken to opt for electric versions of their most representative vehicles.

Thus, many users are seduced by this ecological proposal. Some choose these vehicles because they do not emit polluting gases and because recharging them is cheaper compared to a car that runs on gasoline.

Getty Images

For this reason, one of the fundamental aspects that someone who acquires one of these cars should consider is how and where they are going to charge it.

How to charge an electric vehicle?

The first thing to be clear about is that there are three ways in which an electric car can be charged.

Conventional recharge: for this a conventional 16 amp plug is used with a power ranging from 3.6 kW to 7.4 kW; basically they are the plugs that we use in our house to connect the computer, for example.

This method allows the car batteries to be charged in a period of eight hours, but this will also depend on the capacity of the battery and the power of the recharge.

According to experts, it is a useful and simple alternative to leave the vehicle charging in the garage of the house overnight.

Getty Images

Semi-fast recharge: in this case a special 32 amp plug is used, whose power ranges from 11 kW to 22 kW. The batteries take about four hours to be charged.

Fast charge: it allows to obtain 80 percent of the load in 30 minutes and its power can exceed 50 kW. For this type of load, it is necessary to adapt the electrical network, since it requires a very high power level.

Experts recommend using this system only at certain times as it can affect battery life.

Connector types

These accessories may vary depending on the territory in which we are. This time we will delve into the most common ones used in the United States.

SAE J1772: It is the North American standard connector for electric vehicles, in fact, it has been specially made for Asian and American cars.

It is a special plug due to its shape and its two extra connectors, which are used to detect connectivity and communicate with the car.

It has also been developed with a characteristic security form that prevents any type of access by third parties.

CCS-Combo 1: It is an option proposed by Germans and Americans and is used to carry out a fast charge.

“Combo” means that recharges can be made with direct current and also alternating current with the same outlet, in addition this system has certain advantages in connectivity.

Where is it recharged?

Getty Images

The Electro Maps site shows a list of places where you can recharge an electric vehicle in the United States. According to this portal, there are more than 18,000 charging points in the nation.

Other places used are the following:

Households: of course, having the possibility of charging an electric vehicle at home is the most comfortable option. It is also known as linked recharging and allows to recharge between 85 and 90 percent of the vehicle’s energy needs.

In fact, experts recommend that those who consider having one of these cars have a charging station at home.

In this site You can inquire about the availability of charging stations to purchase and install at home. Meanwhile, a Article prepared by Volkswagen explains how to recharge a vehicle at home.

Shopping centers, supermarkets and hotels: It is known as opportunity recharging and it allows us to supply the battery of our vehicle while we carry out a series of activities, such as shopping or being at our jobs.

Getty Images

These public access places may have charging stations, which work for free but with a time limit, which often makes it difficult for the battery to be fully charged.

It is estimated that the power can reach 22 kW, although this will depend on the charging station that has installed the enclosure.

This type of charge is the most useful and practical for drivers who do not have a station in their homes.

Electrolineras: The United States has a large number of charging stations. These are the places that offer the fastest charging, which is handy if the driver plans to take a long trip on the road.

Recharging is carried out at about 50 kW of power, although it is estimated that, in the future, superchargers will admit recharges of up to 350 kW.

Meanwhile, Tesla owners already have a network of superchargers with which they can recharge up to 150 kW.

According to the study The State of the Charge published by the Electric Vehicle Charging Association (EVCA), California is the place in the United States with the most charging points.

EVCA

Editor’s Recommendations








es.digitaltrends.com