The vaccination process in Spain is reaching enviable levels compared to the rest of the countries. As of July 15, 2021, 22.5 million people (47.4% of the population) already had the complete schedule and, two days earlier, our country surpassed the United States in the number of vaccines administered per inhabitant.
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The Community of Madrid also announced through his official Twitter account that “in a single morning”, 138,000 young people between the ages of 16 and 25 requested their appointment to be vaccinated.
Although most of us go to the appointment without knowing which vaccine we are going to receive – among the four approved: Pfizer, Moderna, AstraZeneca and Janssen – we have surely heard of “side effects.” Like any medicine, vaccines can cause some adverse effects, almost all of them mild.
Now, what are those effects? And above all, how to treat it in case we suffer from them? At ConsumoClaro we solve these doubts for you.
Most common side effects per vaccine
To know the possible adverse effects of each of the vaccines, you can go to the prospectus – you can do it from the official website of the Vaccination Strategy-, where all the information is collected.
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention of the United States (CDC) also has different dossiers in which this information is included. The most common side effects of each vaccine are:
– Pfizer / BioNtech
According to the document of the Spanish Agency for Medicines and Health Products (AEMPS), the Pfizer vaccine can cause “very often” pain and swelling in the area where it has been punctured; headache, muscle or joint pain; chills and fever In addition to experiencing fatigue.
It is also noted that, more particularly, it can cause nausea, insomnia or itching.
According to AEMPS product sheet, the AstraZeneca vaccine can usually cause: tenderness, pain, warmth, or itching at the puncture site; fatigue, headache, fever, nausea and general malaise.
The Moderna vaccine may cause pain (similar to shoelaces), redness and swelling in the arm from the puncture; and chills, tiredness, headache, and fever or nausea in general.
As collected the European Medicines Agency, the “most common” side effects are: injection site, head and muscle pain; tiredness and nausea. In addition, you may also experience fever, chills, redness on the prick, weakness or general malaise.
In all cases, of any of the vaccines, it is clarified that most adverse effects should disappear after one or two days. If they last for several weeks, we should see our GP.
I have mild side effects, what can I do?
If we suffer any of the very frequent adverse effects, the most normal thing is that we can endure them during the 24 or 48 hours that they last. Now, if we do not want to endure the pain of the puncture, there are a few recommendations:
– Prick: to reduce the pain caused by the injection, the CDC recommends exercising (light) with the arm that received the vaccine and applying a cold cloth to the area.
– Other ailments, such as fever: drink plenty of fluids the days after vaccination and “wear light clothing.”
What if these tips do not relieve pain or fever? Can you take any medicine? The Ministry of Health, in your Technical Guide of June 16, recommends using “paracetamol during the first 24 hours” in case a dose of AstraZeneca has been received.
In the rest of vaccines – you can consult the Technical Guides of Pfizer / BioNtech, Modern Y Janssen-, it is recommended to avoid taking this type of medication, since there are no “data on the impact of this medication on the immune response”.
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