This rise in the gap, even when the average variation rate of producer prices was greater than that of consumer prices, is explained by the behavior of the pumpkin. In this product, the producer price plummeted 62% and thus determined a significant rise in its gap, which went from 7.22 times in November to 17.6 times in December (+144.2%). Among other causes, the agroclimatic effect in the production area influenced. removing the pumpkin effect, the IPOD for the month would have fallen by 6.4%.
Likewise, during December, SME businesses had better prices than hypermarkets in 19 of the 24 products surveyed. The greatest difference was found in tomatoes, where the average price in SMEs was $149.8 and in hypermarkets it was $185.4, 23.7% more.
The products with the highest monthly rise in their gaps were:
- pumpkin (+144,2%)
- Red pepper (+35,2%)
- money (+22,8%)
- chicken (+18,1%)
Those with the greatest drop, on the other hand, which determined the direction of the indicator, were onion, with a drop of 52.9%, eggplant (-35,4%), chard (-23.4%) and cabbage (-22,7%).