The dependency system continues to be weighed down by the territorial inequality that occurs in economic investment. Compared to communities such as Euskadi (12,932 euros), Extremadura (11,813 euros) and Navarra (10,541 euros) that allocated more than 10,000 euros to the beneficiaries of this benefit in 2021, other autonomies -such as Castilla y León, Andalusia, Galicia, the Canary Islands and Murcia– did not reach 7,000 euros per year.
Every eleven minutes a person on the dependency waiting list dies
This territorial disparity is one of the conflicting points where the association of directors and managers of Social Services puts the focus. Despite the fact that 2021 has been a turning point in the management of dependency in our country, largely thanks to the economic injection from the central government, the association of directors and managers of Social Services warns of the challenges that the system still faces. has ahead.
Last year public investment in dependency accounted for 9,559 million euros to public coffers. Given the increase in state funding – which has gone from 1,300 million euros in 2020 to 1,992 million in 2021 – this organization has detected that some autonomies have chosen to reduce public investment in social services. For their part, the regional governments contributed 7,566 million euros (79.2%) to the system. The weight of regional financing has fallen five points over the last year, according to data made public on Tuesday.
The association of directors and managers of Social Services considers “especially bloody” the “cuts” executed by the Generalitat de Catalunya and the Government of the Canary Islands, which have reduced by 55 million and 43.6 million -according to data published by the organization- the budget items intended to care for dependent people, compared to the 2020 data. Along with these two autonomies, there are nine other regional executives that have also reduced their investment: Castilla y León, La Rioja, Galicia, Aragón, Navarra, Murcia , Extremadura, Basque Country and Castilla La Mancha.
Cuts “especially bleeding”
In the latest edition of the comparative annual report on dependency financing, the association of directors and managers of Social Services warn of “the marked territorial inequality”. To identify these ranges between regions, they use a variable called investment in dependency “per potentially dependent person and year”, which includes people who already need a benefit and those who estimate that they will require it in the near future. At the top of the ranking for this variable is the Basque Country (2,310 euros), Extremadura (1,774 euros) and Navarra (1,500 euros), while the Canary Islands (543 euros) and Galicia (596 euros) are at the bottom.
There is also disparity in the average expenditure per beneficiary person. Communities such as Euskadi (12,931 euros), Extremadura (11,813 euros) and Navarra (10,541 euros) are above 10,000 euros, compared to others such as Castilla y León (6,599 euros), Andalusia (6,653 euros), Galicia (6,758) , Canarias (6,893 euros) and Murcia (6,898 euros), which remain quite far from this parameter.
46,300 deaths on the waiting list
Beyond the economic data, the association of directors and managers of Social Services focuses on the number of people who died without being granted the right they had recognized to a benefit. In 2021, 46,300 people died on the dependency waiting lists: 18,356 people pending resolution of the degree of dependency and 27,944 people pending resolution of benefits, according to data provided by the organization.
To alleviate the situation of dependency in our country, the Ministry of Social Rights implemented a shock plan that has involved an investment of 600 million. This strategy has had a direct impact on the system in 2021.
Even so, social service managers have warned that the reduction of the waiting list, one of the objectives of this strategy, “was not met.” “Instead of reducing the ‘limbo of dependency’ by 60,000 people –those people who are recognized as having the right to benefit, but have not yet been granted it–, it was only reduced by 38,807 people. Even seven communities increased that waiting list”, collects the report prepared by the organization.
In turn, from this group they regret that the central government has left without spending 75 million euros budgeted by the Ministry of Social Rights and Agenda 2030 in the “minimum level”, a financing channel that is provided to each region based on different indicators, such as the number of dependents effectively recognized and cared for.
On this amount, from the Ministry of Social Rights they have already pointed out that “the execution depends on the management of the communities” and “not all have accelerated at the same time, since each one addresses its particular problems with its own measures.” Beyond the 75 million indicated by the association, it must be taken into account that of the 1,746 million budgeted at the “minimum level”, 95.6% of that item was executed.