In the early hours of Wednesday night, the Elysée made public an official statement announcing a possible de-escalation process based on the Minsk Agreements of September 5, 2014, negotiated by representatives of Russia, Ukraine and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), of which 57 states are part, not only European, and another 11 “associates”.
In its day, the Minsk Agreements promised peace and security, never achieved, on the borders of Eastern Europe and Ukraine through twelve measures never fully fulfilled: «Ensure the monitoring and verification of the cease-fire agreements ». “Award local autonomy to various Ukrainian regions.” «Permanent surveillance of the Russian-Ukrainian border, in charge of the OSCE».
“Immediate release of illegally detained hostages and prisoners.” “Adopt a Ukrainian law not to persecute the Donbass rebels.” “Ensuring the personal protection of participants in bilateral consultations.”
Those agreements from seven years ago were never fully realized. And they were reinforced by a new ceasefire in July 2020.
By accepting a possible de-escalation process, based on these principles, Putin’s Russia can try to divide and fragment the Western Front, since the United States and the European Union and the four members of the “Normandy format” (Russia, Ukraine, Germany and France) are slightly overshadowed, to the benefit of the nebulous OSCE, the great multilateral, continental organization with which the Cold War was put to an end” at the beginning of the process of disintegration of the former Soviet Union.
hold the ceasefire
According to the official statement from the Elysee, the senior Russian, Ukrainian, German and French diplomatic advisers, who have negotiated this possible alternative, will meet again in Berlin in two weeks. The Kremlin special envoy Dimitri Kozak indicated that the main result of the meeting, in which Germany and France also participated, was to have agreed that, “despite all differences of interpretation”, “all parties must maintain the ceasefire” in eastern Ukraine “under the agreements”.
Emmanuel Macron will personally discuss this eventual “de-escalation” process with Putin on Friday, through a telephone conference.