You have to go back to the time of Konrad Adenauer to find a political phenomenon comparable to that of Angela Merkel today. Two years ago the chancellor seemed finished and exhausted, after winning four elections. She had more than demonstrated her height as a leader capable of facing adversity, especially in Europe, facing an uninterrupted succession of crises (currency, refugees, Brexit and other populisms…). She was recognized as the leader of the free world, by abandonment of the president of the United States. After weaving four coalition governments and facing a fragmentation of the German political landscape, with the growth of extremist parties and the Greens, he announced that he would not stand in the September 2021 elections.