Wednesday, January 19

Mozart will not increase your child’s intelligence but music can help him

Mozart has been an advertising claim for parents who have wanted very clever children. For years there has been a popular belief that listening from the cradle The magic Flute or one of its 41 symphonies served to increase the intelligence of babies. Baby einstein It was one of the first companies to see the vein and offered television videos: it was 1997 and families put the children in front of the TV so that Mozart and images of puppets, shapes and colors could exercise the different parts of the brain. The success was such that Disney bought the company, but years later it received so many complaints about misleading advertising (they were sold as educational videos), that the multinational had to reimburse the money from the purchase of the videos of Baby Einstein.

“There are several scientific studies that deny everything relative to the increase of intelligence with the music of Mozart “, affirms Elvira Perejón, teacher and member of the pair of musical stimulation known as Baby Music.” However, Mozart and classical music have beneficial effects on other abilities and capacities like any other musical style. “The psychologist Rosa García Pérez is the director of the Music and Color Center, specialized in music therapy:” Music reinforces the cognitive area and the emotional area, it is a social key and a good teacher to interact. It helps to organize the thoughts and to understand the causes of things. It also helps children and adults to regulate ourselves “.

García Pérez affirms that, at birth, children are pure musicality, they sing before they speak, and that “what it is about is to reinforce what is given because singing and dancing they are already born.” We are the adults and our rhythms that cut our wings. For Elvira Perejón, the most beneficial thing is to offer them a variety of musical styles, modes and metrics, and thus enrich the sound baggage and musical vocabulary.

“Music is a language, if we compare it with learning the mother tongue, we do not expect a child to speak exposing himself to only three words or to learn to speak without experimenting first,” he says. The same thing happens with music: you learn using it and practicing it and being exposed to all its variety. So putting only classical music is of little use to them.

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For the teacher, passive listening does not provide as many benefits as taking action: that the child creates his own music “accompanied by personal interaction, affective bond and emotions involved.” He assures: “Being part of the action leads our little ones to develop not only musical skills but also to nurture and promote the development of the vestibular system, rhythmic perception, coordination, balance, language and the expression of emotions”. So pot to the floor and forks for drumsticks. Or tambourine and Christmas carols.

They say that music soothes the beasts and Elvira Perejón, with a classroom of 24 three-year-old children, assures that what calms and demands attention is the voice. “Imagine 24 little lions jumping and screaming. I have made up a little song that says My bum I feel my bum, my bum I will sit. It is very simple but they listen to it, they open their eyes and little by little they go to their place, “he says.” We are born with an innate ability to decipher auditory patterns, so when the mother speaks or sings the baby calms down, in fact it has been shown to reduce colic and the number of nocturnal awakenings, “he says.

La Banda Mocosa is a children’s music group made up of five musicians who “militate” in the belief that music makes children enjoy, happy and sociable. Aurora Hijosa is the group’s percussionist and also has her own music therapy center. He says: “In music therapy we focus on the therapeutic value of the way of making music. For example, we work on the child’s flexibility in terms of sharing instruments or we reinforce their autonomy by playing an instrument or we work on the acquisition of spoken language with songs.”

The objectives of music therapy are to learn its qualities (intensity, duration, height and timbre), as well as to attend to the needs of all areas of child global development: cognitive, motor, socio-emotional and language.


Bellaterra Música is a publisher specialized in children’s materials designed for mothers and fathers. They edit a magazine twice a year called Kids & Music. Montse Roig is the director: “Giving music education to boys and girls is one of the greatest gifts we can give them as mothers.” He says that parents do not know if our children “will make money, if they will have a partner, if life will get complicated but whatever happens we have to give them the opportunity for music to be a refuge, a companion and a language of their own.”

Roig affirms that early musical stimulation is a good thing to loosen up and establish secure emotional ties with the person who accompanies him. On when to start with the instruments, he indicates: “Singing, dancing and playing percussion should be done from the moment they are born. At three years old they can start with the string instruments, the piano over three or five years and the wind instruments over seven” . Music has to be just another game and instruments a tool for fun.

Humans learn through play, so music does not enter with blood, but with laughter, ass movements and familiar complicity. “The function of the family is basic,” says Roig. The musical language and its learning, with the double corkscrew of landing it on an instrument, works on the perseverance, patience, effort and reward of children. Quite the opposite of what prevails in the fast consumer society and fast food.

That is why according to Montse Roig there is a very complicated level step: “They need habit and fight with the initial complication of the musical language. But once inside, once the technique is semi mastered, when they are capable of producing it themselves, it is one of the the maximum pleasures that can be had in this life “. In the words of the teacher Elvira Perejón: “Music brings out the quartet of happiness to dance: dopamine, serotonin, oxytocin and endorphins”.

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