Close to 90% of Barcelonans distrust the monarchy, this being the highest figure since questions began to be asked more than two decades ago. In fact, in 1998 only 44% of Barcelonans were suspicious of the crown. This is indicated by a survey carried out by the Municipal Data Office of the City Council between September and December 2021, and which collects the opinion of the people of Barcelona on ideological, ethical and attitudinal issues. The distrust towards the Royal House is part of a general distrust towards the institutions, since only the City Council and the European Union generate, almost, more trust than distrust.
39.4% of Spaniards would support the republic in a referendum and 31% the monarchy, according to a survey
The survey also indicates that the majority of Barcelonans are on the left of the political spectrum (41.1% consider themselves to be on the left or on the extreme left), although at the same time, more and more people feel distanced from politics, parties and institutions (more than 40% do not identify with any political party). The distancing from the parties is more pronounced among the population that defines itself as left-wing, the youngest and people of a low socioeconomic level.
The growing disaffection towards politics is fueled by voters who define themselves as “conservative” or “very conservative”, with almost 80% of them feeling little or no interest in the subject. Only left-wing voters are spared from this lack of interest: in fact, second only to the CUP, those from Barcelona en Comú are the most interested in politics. Now, since 2014, they are the ones who have distanced themselves the most from the party they vote for (confidence has fallen from 13.1% to 9.5% in 2021).
At the same time, the involvement of citizens in the associative fabric falls (54.1% of those surveyed do not belong to any association or entity), although 57.3% say they agree with socialism and 39.3 % rejects capitalism.
Feminism and migration
One of the most striking features of the 2021 Survey of Social Values is the growing awareness of animals. 92.7% of citizens support movements for the defense of animals, which occupy first place, ranking as the social movement with the most supporters, above environmentalism, pacifism and feminism.
Even so, the acceptance of the feminist movement is also growing, with 72.3% of the people surveyed in favor (compared to 56.2 in 2014 and 70% in 2018). However, more than 80% of them consider that society is sexist. Three out of four participants affirm that the possibilities of professional success for a woman are not the same as for a man and that domestic and care tasks are not shared equally between men and women. Women express these perceptions more than men.
In addition, 75% of men and almost 74% of women consider that having children in today’s society continues to be an obstacle for women’s professional careers.
The perception of immigration has also improved among Barcelonans, since more than 90% believe that the impact of immigrants on the development of the country is “fairly good”, “good” or “very good”. And only 5.9% defend that the presence of migrated people has a negative impact. In turn, almost seven out of ten think that immigration will help pay pensions in the future and only a quarter think that immigrants subtract resources from public services.
The majority of Barcelonans accept the cultural diversity of the city and more than 80% consider it positive that people with different customs and traditions coexist in the same country. At the neighborhood level, the percentage drops to 65.8% of those who prefer to live with people of different traditions and customs.
As the age groups go down, the number of people who consider themselves non-believers or agnostics grows, with an average of 54.7% in Barcelona society. Only 7% of those surveyed declare themselves to be practicing Catholics, 26.5% non-practicing Catholics and almost 11% practice other religions.
Concerns and values
Barcelonans believe that family, personal development and studies are the three most important elements in life. Instead, they place politics, material goods, money and religion as the least important. Only 21.3% and 9% consider politics and religion “very important”, respectively. From the consistory, they consider that the pandemic has increased this trend and has accentuated the appreciation of private aspects. In addition, satisfaction with one’s life grows and receives an average score of 7.9 (in 1998 it was 7.3).
At the same time, what most worries the citizens of Barcelona are unemployment and working conditions, social exclusion and insecurity. The labor issue continues to be the main question that comes to mind for the people of Barcelona when they are asked about the social problem that most worries them (27.4% of those surveyed), although this figure is far from the 57% that this same survey in 2010 and 2014. More than 10% responded that what worries them the most is Covid-19.
Access to housing is the fourth problem that most concerns Barcelonans (almost 15%). Although there are more and more people who consider buying a house to be justifiable (63.5%, compared to 35.3% who never justify it) and there are also more people who disapprove of the act of occupying a house illegally (66, 4%, compared to 33.1% who consider that it can be justified). However, the acceptance of certain types of actions such as abortion, euthanasia or the consumption of soft drugs is growing.
With regard to social values, freedom and equality are the most important for the inhabitants of Barcelona: this is how three out of four respondents consider it, who place them above security and privacy. In addition, there is a general consensus against violence, physical punishment of children and war, since 91.2% of those surveyed, 94.3% and 91.2% respectively, consider that these can never be justified. . However, there is a slight increase in those who believe that the death penalty may be justified (from 27.9% in 2018 to 33.1% in 2021). Among the youngest (15 and 24 years old, the figure rises to 50%).
The Social Values Survey has been carried out approximately every four years since 1998. In the seventh edition of the consultation, carried out last autumn, 1,500 inhabitants of the Catalan capital between the ages of 15 and 74 were interviewed. All of them must have been residing in the city for at least 6 months. The results of this survey were presented last Thursday by the deputy mayor responsible for the Municipal Data Office (OMD), Jordi Martí, and the head of the OMD Opinion Studies Department, Marta Isaach.