The Nobel Assembly at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm has awarded the 2022 Nobel Prize in Medicine to Swedish biologist Svante Pääbo “for his discoveries on the genomes of extinct hominids and human evolution”. Pääbo, a specialist in evolutionary genetics, was born in Stockholm in 1955 and obtained his doctorate from Upsala University in 1986.
The investigations of this biologist, who has established a new scientific discipline called paleogenomics, have revealed the genetic differences that distinguish all living humans from extinct hominids and have provided the basis for exploring what “makes us uniquely human,” he explains via Twitter The Nobel Prize.
With his pioneering research, Svante Pääbo achieved something that seemed impossible: sequencing the Neanderthal genome. Likewise, the biologist discovered that there had been a transfer of genes from these now-extinct hominids to Homo sapiens.