Finnish telecommunications company nokia is preparing to roll out the first private wireless network in Moon in partnership with NASA, all with the aim of implementing connectivity that allows exploration with robots and exploration technology on the surface of the natural satellite.
It all started in 2020 with the signing with the United States National Space Agency and in 2023 it will see the light of day with a launch on a SpaceX rocket.
Nokia executive Holly Rubin discussed how this wireless implementation will be done on the Moon.
“It is critical that we get it right,” Rubin wrote. “A single malfunctioning component could mean the difference between mission success and failure.”
Nokia is also clear that there will be several problems to overcome on the lunar surface: these include lunar dust, cosmic radiation and temperatures as low as -100 ° C. In addition, there is the vacuum of space, which could be a problem because the network equipment to Sometimes it contains unsealed liquids, which would evaporate in a vacuum once exposed.
One of the main missions that this deployment will have has to do with scientific exploration on the Moon.
The company Intuitive Machines is building ice mining robots that “will communicate with a base station located on Nova-C, and the lander will communicate data to Earth. This demonstration could pave the way for a commercial 4G/LTE system for mission-critical communications on the lunar surface. This includes communications and even high-definition video streaming from astronauts to base stations, vehicles to base stations, and more,” wrote NASA’s Hillary Smith.
The robots will drill a bunch of holes, up to three feet deep, to search for water. “Advancing these kinds of technologies is critical to establishing a robust, long-term presence in deep space, including on the Moon as part of the agency’s Artemis missions. Simply operating and drilling into the harsh lunar surface will provide valuable information to engineers for future lunar missions, such as the Volatiles Investigating Polar Exploration Rover, or VIPER, mission, which is scheduled to land at the lunar South Pole in late 2023,” added Smith. .