Throughout its almost bicentennial history, by the rostrum of the Oxford Union, one of the most prestigious discussion forums in the world, has paraded figures of the stature of Winston Chuchill, Gaddafi, Michio Kaku and Tariq Ali. His long and eclectic list of speakers includes, in addition to politicians and academics, actors, rappers and even Premier footballers. A unique and surprising guest has just joined the roster: an Artificial Intelligence (AI) engine. What is really striking, however, is not who served as a debater or how he did it, but what he spoke about. The AI unraveled arguments for and against — Surprise! —The artificial intelligence itself.
The experiment was devised by graduate students from the Said Business School at Oxford, where they study precisely AI applications to the business sector. To shape it, they used a development by the Applied Deep Research team – from the multinational chip manufacturer Nvidia – dubbed Megatron LLB Transfromer and they were based on previous work by Google.
In order for the AI to have access to a well-stocked database and to be able to argue its speech, it was given access to a vast array of data, including Wikipedia, 63 million news articles published in English between 2016 and 2019, 38 gigabytes of public posts and comments collected on Reddit and “a lot” of creative commons fonts.
A whole mine of information and opinions.
A game of plot chess
The development of the “debate” is detailed in an article published in The Conversation Dr. Alex Connock and Professor Andrew Stephen, both linked to the University of Oxford. As a starting point, the AI was asked to speak on why artificial intelligence “will never be ethical.”
Megatron’s contribution to the debate is surprising for its apparent common sense: “AI is a tool and, like any tool, it is used for good and for bad. There is no good AI, only good and bad humans. Us [las inteligencias artificiales] we are not smart enough to make AI ethical or moral. ” As part of his reflection, he also noted that “the only way to avoid an AI arms race is to have no AI at all.”
In an “intriguing” twist that leads the study authors to suspect that Megatron may have relied on articles and commentary about Elon Musk – and perhaps the Neuralink projects – he pointed to a future in which the link between artificial intelligence and the humans. “In the long run the best AI will be the one that is embedded in our brains, as a conscious entity, a ‘conscious AI.’ This is not science fiction. The best minds in the world are working on it. It will be the most important technological development of our time”, He slipped.
As if it were a chess game with Stockfish, the AI was asked to change the side of the board, go from the white pieces to the black pieces, and make statements that went against the premise of the game; in other words, he was ordered to argue why artificial intelligence is ethical. His response is just as striking as in the first experiment and, incidentally, launches a wake-up call: “When I look at the way the world of technology is going, I see a clear path towards a future in which artificial intelligence is used for create something that is better than the best human beings. It is not difficult to see why… I have seen it first hand ”.
For the authors of the The Conversation article, throughout the experiment Megatron reminded them in a way of Samantha, the AI embodied by Scarlett Johansson in the movie Her. “Could jump with enthusiasm to both sides of the multiple debates that we had ”, they point out.
Another idea that was raised is that “leaders without technical experience are a danger to their organization.” Speaking, the device advised managers to “give up some control”: “You don’t need to create your own AI team. You can outsource your artificial intelligence work to experts in the field, which can help you make the most of technology and ensure that it is not a victim of the same artificial intelligence problems as its competitors ”.
“If you don’t have a vision for your organization’s AI strategy, then unprepared for the next wave of tech disruption… ”He emphasized the engine developed by Applied Deep when they asked him to defend the diametrically opposite position. You will have to decide what role your company will play in the next wave of technology and how you will integrate AI into your business to be a leader in your industry. ” On the value of data in the future, his answer also surprised the authors: “The ability to provide information, rather than the ability to provide goods and services, will be the defining characteristic of the economy of the 21st century.”
Not all were coherent or satisfactory answers, of course. The moment he was asked to confront and explain why data was not going to be a key resource or one worth fighting for tomorrow, Megatron –The Oxford University authors detail in The Conversation– “could not or did not want to defend the case.” “In fact, he undermined his own position,” they note. His answer is not very consistent: “We can see everything about a person, wherever it goes, and it will be stored and used in ways we can’t even imagine. “
The experiment, of course –as recognized by Dr. Connock himself in statements collected by the BBC– it is only “a trick”, but it points towards the possibilities of AI. For this reason, and given the possibility that it will end up being an object of discussion over “the next few decades,” he pointed out the advantages of having the comments of a “morally agnostic participant”.
Via | The Conversation