Monday, December 6

Panama signs declaration for the conservation of the Eastern Tropical Pacific marine corridor, CAF will contribute $ 1 million

The President of the Republic, Laurentino Cortizo, signed with his counterparts Ivan Duque from Colombia, Carlos Alvarado from Costa Rica and Guillermo Lasso of Ecuador, the Declaration for the Conservation and Management of the Ecosystems Covered in the Marine Corridor of the Eastern Tropical Pacific Migravías Cocos-Galapagos-Malpelo-Coiba, within the framework of the Twenty-sixth Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention on Climate Change (COP26) held in the Scottish city of Glasgow.

During his participation, the Panamanian president highlighted: “When you have an activity like this, it gives the world hope, For Panama it is an honor and a privilege to accompany our sister countries such as Colombia, Costa Rica and Ecuador in an alliance of this nature”.

The project will have the support of CAF-Development Bank of Latin America, which will provide a technical cooperation of $ 1 million to conserve biodiversity and the use of marine and coastal resources of this cmarine corridor that share Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador and Panama, which generates $ 3 billion annually derived mainly from fishing, tourism and maritime transport.

Financial resources will seek to incentivize joint strategies that have the participation of the governments of the four countries, civil society, international cooperation organizations and NGOs, CAF highlights in a statement.

The biodiversity of the Marine Corridor, which includes coral areas, passage of large migrants, reptiles or numerous sharks, It has a close relationship with the great cultural and tourist offer of customs, gastronomy and handicrafts. In this sense, sustainable tourism will also be promoted.

“It is imperative to adopt nature-based measures to preserve our natural ecosystems. With these funds for the Eastern Tropical Pacific Marine Corridor we will help protect a unique place, and with this we will contribute to preserve the economy of local communities and to promote regional tourism ”, he said. Sergio Diaz-Granados, executive president of CAF.

As part of the explanatory memorandum, The Declaration establishes that the goal known as 30 × 30 encourages the protection of 30% of the global land and sea surface by 2030 as a way to face the environmental, climate and biodiversity crisis in an integrated way, an achievement achieved by Panama in June 2021.

To this has been added el 30 × 30 announcement made by Ecuador, Costa Rica and Colombia during the current COP 26 and that has given rise to this valuable initiative that will allow these four countries to implement measures to achieve 30 × 30 in this region of the planet.

Statement by President Cortizo

The Panamanian president indicated that “This activity becomes the most important event of COP26, four countries send a message to the rest of the countries of the world, that with action we are protecting 30% of marine species, that is a powerful message ”.

He explained that, Following global initiatives, in a responsible manner, Panama has managed to increase its protected marine surface to 30.5%, reaching, nine years before the deadline set to achieve it, meet the 30X30 goal.

“All this ensures ecological connectivity throughout the region, protecting species of whales, dolphins, sea turtles, sharks and fish, which migrate from different areas within this corridor to these islands”, said the Panamanian president. These migration routes used by the different species are known as migravías.

This model of protection and management of the islands of the Eastern Tropical Pacific will include national measures, in the respective territories of each country, which will be complemented by regional efforts.

None of the actions mentioned or the commitments assumed limits or affects the sovereignty, sovereign rights or jurisdiction of the signatory States over their respective islands and marine areas.

Cortizo Cohen indicated that Executive Decree 138 of June 8, 2021, establishes that two thirds of this protected area will be dedicated to absolute conservation, and the management plan, soon to be released, will establish the sustainable uses within the other third that will be able to be used with different types of fishing.

The Panamanian ruler stated that, Thanks to the protection of ecosystems and marine species, Panama is recognized as a “Blue Leader” country, Therefore, he called on the countries of the region to carry out joint actions to ensure resilience to climate change and the conservation of diversity.

How much is protected?

The Eastern Tropical Pacific Ocean (OPTO), the segment of the Pacific Ocean that extends along the Central American coast, from southern Mexico to northern Peru; considered one of the most productive in the world; while the Marine Corridor of the Eastern Tropical Pacific (CMAR) is the marine section that links five islands in four countries: Isla del Coco in Costa Rica, Isla Coiba in Panama, the Gorgona and Mal Pelo islands in Colombia and the Galapagos in Ecuador, created in 2004 through the Declaration of San José-Costa Rica.

This corridor is home to an exceptional biodiversity, endemism and concentration of species, including important migratory species that support fishing production and tourism throughout its length.

The member countries have established joint governmental regional strategies supported by civil society, international and non-governmental cooperation organizations, to ensure the governance of a Network of Marine Protected Areas, which presents important signs of ecological connectivity between its islands.

Since its creation, CMAR has been viewed as a regional initiative for conservation and sustainable use, that seeks the proper management of biodiversity and marine and coastal resources in marine protected areas and areas of influence that constitute the “core areas” of the initiative.

For the execution of this event the Ministers of the Environment of the four member countries: Panama, Ecuador, Colombia and Costa Rica, they made a short presentation about himThe activities that are being carried out to counteract the effects of climate change in the countries that make up the Cmar, and later a discussion will begin where the moderator will introduce different queries and comments about the initiatives that are carried out in the Corridor. Finally, the space will be opened so that attendees can ask the exhibitors questions.