Panama continues to add more professionals in the area of environmental sciencesThis time, a group made up of Panamanians conducts a study that provides details on the ttransformation of the country’s forests, taking as a baseline 10 years (2005-2015).
In the study, of high technical level, the standing of all types of forests in Panama is evaluated (mature forest, secondary forest, stubble, mangrove forest, broadleaf and coniferous plantations) and at the same time their variations. For example, Comparative forest analysis takes the data as a reference and compares it with the years, so it can be determined if there were changes from forests to pastures, or some type of crops or settlements, explains the press release of the Ministry of the Environment (MiAmbiente)
The validation of the data obtained is important to verify the transitions of the forest cover in various parts of the country and the regenerative capacity of these spaces and their size. To carry out this, field trips were carried out at the national level to verify the ex situ reality versus what was reflected in previous studies.
In the case of secondary forests, they remove an average of 4.9 tons of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. per hectare per year (this is equivalent to absorbing the emissions generated by 23 vehicles during one year). Knowing if we have more spaces like this, helps to know the capacity of capturing emissions that the isthmus has and to establish national initiatives that allow us to stay in the negative carbon.
Personnel from the climate change and environmental information directorates of the Ministry of the Environment are in charge of carrying out this study.
Marcial Arias, a climate change specialist at MiAmbiente, reported that what makes Panama carbon negative are the wooded lands. “Our forests have the ability to absorb emissions from other productive subsectors of the country such as the energy, transport, livestock, industrial processes and waste sectors, to mention the main ones) ”, he added.
He emphasized that This initiative invites us to continue reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation and to increase our CO2 removals through reforestation and conservation of forested areas.
When conducting this type of study, the country has greater facilities to request both national and international financing.
By complying with the points of the Paris Agreement and being a model of transparency, se has a high probability of obtaining funds for the establishment of climate projects, important to face global warming and improve the quality of life of this and future generations.
This study began in May 2021 and the process of calculations, adjustments and quality control ends in December 2021, then it will be submitted for evaluation to the United Nations Framework Convention for Climate Change (UNFCCC) no later than January 10, 2022.
Calculations of CO2 equivalent emissions and removals from the forestry sector are based on two pillars:
• Hectares of forests that change and they remain standing in a year
• Emission factors: These are values that come from a forest and carbon inventory
Once you have these 2 pillars It is extremely important to validate these data to be more transparent, accurate and robust in the calculations and thus be more competitive when seeking financing.
To achieve this objective, in 2020, the technicians of MiAmbiente, fThey were trained by the United States Forest Service (USFS). The inductions were given on forestry issues and remote sensing in order to have technical bases.
After this, with the knowledge acquired, it is expected to share this information to train more specialists nationwide.