Correspondent in Lima
One more week, the highest electoral authority of Peru will not be able to officially proclaim the president-elect, according to the spokesman for the National Elections Jury (JNE), Luis Alberto Sanchez, which assures ABC that in that entity they have lived “an atypical situation” in which they have resolved unexpected events and faced thousands of requests for nullification of votes and the departure of one of the magistrates from the electoral plenary session.
Last June 6, Pedro Castillo Y Keiko Sofia Fujimori they clashed in the second electoral round, in which the far-left leader won by 44,058 votes, according to the scrutiny of the National Office of Electoral Processes (ONPE).
“Everything that has happened since June 6 is atypical due to the number of files that have been resolved in the first and second instance, when compared to the 2011 elections; the elections were held on June 5 and the president was proclaimed on June 25 and there were only 6 requests for annulment. While in 2016, the president was proclaimed on June 28; with only 26 requests for annulment, “he said.
For the JNE spokesperson, the delay is explained by the resignation of Luis Arce and the income of the substitute, Victor Raúl Rodríguez Monteza, which “ended last Monday reviewing the nearly 300 missing files.”
An unprecedented situation
This situation is unprecedented in Peru since the return to democracy in 1980, where it was not necessary to wait for the JNE to pronounce itself before the president-elect is declared and the transition from one government to another begins. That is why after the request for the annulment of votes by both parties, the final pronouncement of the JNE is eagerly awaited.
Julius Caesar Castiglioni, a lawyer for Fujimori’s party, Fuerza Popular, assured the media that they will appeal the proclamation of 19 Special Electoral Juries before the JNE, a fact that could further delay the pronouncement of the highest electoral authority.
In this regard, the JNE spokesperson told ABC that “the support will have to be verified because, according to the regulations, it must be based on numerical failures or the presentation of evidence. The plenary of the JNE will work non-stop all weekend because our maximum date for the proclamation is next week, on July 21 or 22 ».
The shortest transition
Meanwhile the Secretary of Transparency, Iván Lanegra, he assured ABC that the delay does a lot of damage to the country, because “we do not officially know anyone from Pedro Castillo’s team who will assume and guide the destinies of the country and the population has no certainty that they will continue the successful vaccination process of President Sagasti ».
“The longer the uncertainty lasts, the less chance the country has of knowing from which north Pedro Castillo will rule economically, health-wise, and especially if there will be continuity in the treatment of the pandemic of the Covid-19. I am very sorry that until today there is no meeting between President Sagasti and Pedro Castillo, “he added.
Regarding the new appeals to annul votes announced by Fuerza Popular, Lanegra wondered: «What message would be given to the country if unsubstantiated actions were used, and that the results cannot be changed, the only effect of which will be to delay the electoral proclamation and the government transfer in the middle of a health emergency and with socioeconomic emergencies to attend to? ».
Regarding this situation, the Peruvian newspaper ‘El Comercio’ published an editorial where it indicates as “legitimate” the use of legal resources of Fuerza Popular, through challenges and requests for annulment, but that with the passage of time was transformed ” in an attempt to delay the process as much as possible. “All covered by accusations of fraud that until now have not been proven and that, also, have already been used as a pretext to suggest the breakdown of the rule of law, either through a coup or by annulling the June 6 elections. All in the midst of a climate of polarization and national tension, threatening to lead the country into the abyss, “concluded the senior newspaper of the Peruvian press.
While Keiko Sofía Fujimori has indicated that she will not know the results issued by the National Elections Jury because she does not trust its president Jorge Salas ArenasPedro Castillo is a mystery for not having said this mouth is mine on the cabinet that accompanied him. He has only spoken through his Twitter account about the protests in Cuba, without pointing out that there is a dictatorship and criticizing the US blockade.