The Acting Prime Minister of Haiti, Claude joseph, has announced the declaration of the state of siege after the assassination of the president, Jovenel Moise, who died this Thursday at dawn during an assault on his private residence in the metropolitan region of Port-au-Prince.
Joseph has given a speech to the nation at the end of an extraordinary Council of Ministers to update the measures at a time that he himself has recognized as “difficult” and in which he hopes to guarantee the “continuity” of the State.
The state of siege, which Haitian legislation proposes in principle for an initial period of 15 days, places the Armed Forces as maximum guarantors of security and it implies the establishment of military courts. It also opens the door to control of the media, according to a recent analysis by the newspaper ‘Le Nouvelliste’.
In this sense, Joseph has urged all parties to join in this same “battle” for democracy to “win”, in an apparent attempt to avoid the power vacuum that could arise after the absence of a head of state and the lack of renewal of Parliament.
The aArticle 149 of the Constitution stipulates that in the absence of the president “due to resignation, dismissal or in the event of permanent physical or mental incapacity”, it corresponds to the Council of Ministers, “under the presidency of the prime minister”, to exercise executive power until the election of a new head of State.
The Magna Carta, precisely pending renewal, stipulates a period of between 60 and 120 days to advance in this renewal, although it establishes an exception, in the event that the president was in his last year -as is the case of Moise- the National Assembly could meet to elect a president on a “provisional” basis, reports ‘Free Haiti’.
Given the situation in the neighboring country, the President of the Dominican Republic, Luis Abinader, announced this Wednesday the closure of the border with Haiti after the assassination of the Haitian president, Jovenel Moise, in an attack on his home in which the first lady was also injured, Martine Moise, according to information from the CDN radio station.
Abinader, who has summoned the main army chiefs to address the situation, has indicated that an emergency meeting will be held to decide the course of action in the face of the latest events.
Thus, it has ordered the urgent “reinforcement” of military surveillance and security measures, especially at the land border with Haiti, the main entry and exit point for merchandise and migrants.
The Haitian Embassy in Santo Domingo, the Dominican capital, has condemned the murder, which would have taken place at dawn at the president’s residence, when a group of armed men stormed the house.