At Samsung they want to replicate the design of the brain and its neural connections on a chip. And to do this, they have proposed a method that basically reverse-engineers the brain, in a very sophisticated way of copy and paste the functioning of the organ in an electronic device.
The paper recently published says that there is a way to copy the large network of connections in the brain’s neurons and then paste this map into a three-dimensional network of solid-state memories, also called SSDs. And to copy this design, you must use a nanoelectrode system, created by researchers from both Samsung and Harvard University.
According to Samsung, studies in the field of neuromorphic engineering aim to mimic the brain’s neural networks on a chip. But this has not yielded expected results since little is known about the way in which neurons connect in the brain; hence, that approach had been abandoned some time ago.
However, with this new proposal, it would be possible to return to the original idea of replicating and imitating the functioning of the brain, creating a kind of clone of its network of neurons. “Through this copy and paste approach, the authors believe that it is possible to create a memory chip that is close to the particular forms of brain computing: low energy consumption, rapid learning, adaptation to the environment, autonomy and cognition.”
For now, the research is more theoretical than practical, but at Samsung they believe that it is possible to transfer the proposal to more real environments thanks to its three-dimensional solid-state memory technology, which allows a greater amount of storage without entailing a significant increase on the physical size of the chips.
Given their storage capacity, these three-dimensional memories are necessary for the implementation of a replica of the brain, which has 100 billion neurons.