Sant Cugat del Vallés, in Barcelona, is the municipality in Spain with the least unemployment, with an estimated average unemployment rate for 2022 of 5.2%. It is followed by Pozuelo de Alarcón (Madrid), with 5.8%, according to the report ‘Urban Indicators 2023’ published this Monday by the National Statistics Institute (INE).
Is it beneficial to reduce the time in which unemployment is collected?
Both municipalities already led the ranking when the 2021 data was published a year ago, but in reverse order. In this way, in this new edition of the statistics, Sant Cugat del Vallés has ousted Pozuelo as the one with the lowest unemployment rate in all of Spain. In third position is San Sebastián, with an unemployment rate of 6.5%, followed by Las Rozas de Madrid (6.7%) and Majadahonda (Madrid) (6.7%).
On the contrary, the Cádiz municipality of La Línea de la Concepción is the one with the highest unemployment rate (29.3%), followed by Ceuta (28%), Linares (Jaén) (25.9%) and Jerez de la Frontera (Cádiz) and Granada, both with unemployment data of 24.2%.
In fact, of the 15 municipalities with the highest estimated average unemployment rates for 2022, the majority are in Andalusia. Thus, in addition to the four already mentioned, we must also add Algeciras (23.5%), Sanlúcar de Barrameda (23.3%), San Fernando (22.4%), Córdoba (22.2%), Chiclana de la Frontera (22.1%), Cádiz (21.6%), Alcalá de Guadaíra (21.2%) and El Puerto de Santa María (21%). Outside the Andalusian community, the autonomous cities of Ceuta (28%) and Melilla (21.3%) and Talavera de la Reina (Toledo) (21.7%) slip into this list of 15 municipalities with the highest unemployment rate. .
In contrast, among the 15 municipalities with the lowest unemployment rate, there are five belonging to the community of Madrid (Pozuelo, Las Rozas, Majadahonda, Alcobendas and San Sebastián de los Reyes); four from the Basque Country (San Sebastián, Getxo, Irún and Vitoria); four from Catalonia (Sant Cugat, Barcelona, Castelldefels and Cerdanyola del Vallés); one from Castilla y León (Burgos) and one from Galicia (Santiago de Compostela).
Regarding activity rates, the municipalities that presented the highest figures in 2022 are Rivas-Vaciamadrid (69.8%), Valdemoro (68.7%) and Parla (67.3%), all of them in the Madrid’s community. On the opposite side, the municipalities with the lowest activity rates were Ferrol (50.1%), Avilés (50.3%) and Gijón (50.4%).
San Sebastián, the urban area with the highest income
The report published this Monday includes data for what are known as Functional Urban Areas (AUF). Each AUF consists of a city and the municipalities that make up its functional environment, specifically labor influence. 70 functional urban areas are defined for all of Spain.
A municipality belongs to the AUF of a city if 15% or more of its employed population moves to that locality for work reasons. In 2022, the AUFs with the largest population were those of Madrid (with 6.98 million people), Barcelona (5.09 million) and Valencia (1.78 million).
The Donostia/San Sebastián AUF led the average annual net income per inhabitant in 2020, with 16,836 euros, followed by Bilbao (15,436 euros) and Madrid (15,407 euros). For their part, Torrevieja (8,441 euros), Lorca (9,402 euros) and Marbella (9,721 euros) were the Functional Urban Areas that presented the lowest income.
The INE highlights that the proportion of employment in industry and services makes it possible to distinguish between AUFs characterized by a strong establishment of these sectors compared to others. In 2021, the industrial areas of Avilés (with 26.7% employment in the industry), Alcoy (23.7%) and Sagunto (23.5%) stood out. For their part, the AUFs of Marbella (2.6%), Almería (3.1%) and Mérida (3.1%) registered the lowest weights of industrial employment.
Regarding the proportion of the population employed in the services sector, all AUFs exceed 64%. Those of Mérida (91.5%), Toledo (91.2%) and Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (87.7%) registered the highest percentages. For their part, the AUFs in which the services sector had less weight in employment were Avilés (64.7%), Lorca (65.0%) and Sagunto (68.8%).
The Madrid neighborhood of El Viso, the richest in Spain
The statistics also collect data for levels below the city called ‘Sub-City District’ (SCD). In many cases, these coincide with the existing division into administrative districts or neighborhoods.
The current list of ‘SCD neighborhoods’ is made up of the municipalities of Alicante, Barcelona, Bilbao, Córdoba, Gijón, L’Hospitalet de Llobregat, Madrid, Málaga, Murcia, Palma de Mallorca, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Seville, Valencia, Valladolid , Vigo, Vitoria and Zaragoza. In total, 523 ‘SCD neighborhoods’ are included in the statistics.
The neighborhoods with the highest average annual net income per inhabitant with 2020 data were El Viso (40,815 euros), Recoletos (37,067 euros) and Castellana (36,660 euros), all three in Madrid. In contrast, the lowest were located in Seville, in the Polígono Sur neighborhood of the South district (5,816 euros) and in the Los Pajaritos and Amate neighborhoods of the Cerro-Amate district, with 6,043 euros, and in the Alicante neighborhood of Juan XXIII ( 6,503 euros).