According to the BNG, the Democratic Memory Law promoted by the central government could become “a missed opportunity to do justice to the victims of Francoism.” The Galician nationalists thus distance themselves from a norm that this Monday has begun its process in commission and for which sovereignist forces such as EH Bildu, PNV and PDeCat have already announced their support. His deputy in Congress, Néstor Rego, admits that the text includes progress but criticizes that it does not repeal the amnesty for police and Francoist authorities, does not include the restitution of looted properties or declare the Pazo de Meirás a “place of memory”.
Operation Thermopylae: the ambush of the Communist Party to kill Franco in Galicia that was frustrated at the last moment
Specifically, points e) and f) of the 1977 Amnesty Law are those whose validity supposes, according to Rego, “maintaining the impunity of Francoism”. His statement pardoned the “crimes and misdemeanors” of authorities, officials and law enforcement agents “against the exercise of the rights of individuals” or in the “investigation and prosecution of the acts included in this law.” That is, “all acts of political intent.” The BNG considers that the interpretation of this norm under international law and the imprescriptible and non-amnestiable nature of war crimes, crimes against humanity, genocide or torture -what the PSOE and United We Can argue- does not work. “This is already included in the Spanish Constitution and has not given rise to a single case of investigation of the crimes of Francoism in the last 44 years,” says Rego, “PSOE and Podemos are not willing to take the step. We hope that the political and social pressure of the memorial associations will allow them to change their position”.
Regarding the Pazo de Meirás, restored to the State a year and a half ago, the Galician deputy regrets that the new law does not declare it a place of memory. This figure grants commemorative and didactic functions to buildings with significance in Francoist repression, such as the Fort of San Cristóbal, near Iruña (Navarra), or the Palacio de la Cumbre, in Donostia (Basque Country). “The insensitivity of the government parties to the Galician people’s struggle to recover Meirás is incomprehensible”, he says.
The Galician nationalist formation recognizes, however, positive elements in the new Democratic Memory Law. The fact that Francoism, military courts, courts and trials are declared illegal, in addition to the annulment of their sentences, is one of them. Also the definition of a victim of the dictatorship, the creation of a census, the elaboration of a map of graves and that the State becomes responsible for the search for the disappeared and their exhumation, the constitution of a DNA bank or the study of the historical memory in teaching. The BNG celebrates, finally, that the norm collects news of the persecution of the languages and cultures of the State “by joint proposal with other sovereignist forces.”