With great diligence, the Madrid City Council continues to replace names of streets linked to the milestones and glories of the national side in the coup, the Civil War and the subsequent repression, in response to sentences of the Superior Court of Justice of Madrid that the Consistory has decided not to appeal. If on Tuesday General José Millán-Astray, founder of the legion, early cheerleader of the coup and official propagandist of its virtues regained the honor, on Thursday the Balearic cruiser returned to Vallecas, sadly known for dropping shrapnel on some 10,000 civilians fleeing from Malaga by road in disband it 1937. In the next few days the names of the García-Noblejas brothers, the fallen of the Blue Division —the signs on this street never disappeared—, El Algabeño and Cirilo Martín, will once again shine in triumph. This is a review of the history and motivations of the resolutions.
Millán-Astray recovers honors in Madrid one morning in August by Superior Court ruling
The Superior Court of Justice of Madrid (TSJM) ordered the restitution of the streets confirming first instance sentences that attacked the lack of motivation for the conclusions of the Commissioner for Historical Memory, the advisory body created by the City Council when Manuel Carmena was mayor made up of historians and experts and who proposed the nomenclature changes. In his report, the Commissioner made a small bibliographic review of the honorees and their trajectory, of just one paragraph in many cases. This has been key to the annulment; because the judgments consider that the references are too brief and by themselves they do not prove that the designated streets were dedicated to “exalting” the coup, the war or the repression.
Regarding the founder of the Legion, the magistrates of the TSJM affirm that he already had a position before 1936, in recognition of his role in the war in the Philippines and the very creation of this military body. Also, that he was in Argentina on July 18, 1936, so he could not participate in the uprising. And although his bloody speeches could have existed, “they are not in the record.” If he really snapped at Miguel de Unamuno “Long live death, die intelligence” is not important either, because “it is not related to the exaltation of the three milestones [sublevación, golpe, represión]”To which the historical memory law refers, in the opinion of the court.
Balearic Islands cruise
The commissioner must have understood that a few lines were enough to settle the question about the Balearic national cruiser, as stated in the administrative file, which briefly states that it was a “ship that was part of the Francoist Navy during the Civil War and bombed civilians ”, that“ it was sunk by the Republican fleet in the battle of Cabo de Palos, in March 1938 ”and that“ on that occasion almost 800 people perished, presumably Spaniards from both sides. ”There are no mentions in your report to the carnage of the call disband from the thousands of people who fled the fascist advance on the road from Malaga to Almería in 1937 and on whom this ship threw shrapnel.
Consequently, the judges dispatch the question naturally and point out that it is not known why it was named in its day, so it would not be possible to speak of exaltation, or of historical memory. As the commission itself pointed out that there is popular ignorance, nowadays, about the historical role of the ship, “it is highlighted […] the lack of concurrence of the subjective element of exaltation ”.
“Three Falangist brothers and one Carlist. They actively joined the military uprising of 1936 ”, justified the Commissioner. Nor was that definition enough for the court to dismiss the request that his name be replaced on the street that traces the boundary between the districts of San Blas-Canillejas and Ciudad Lineal. “There is no record of what could have been the specific intervention or participation of transcendence of one or some of the brothers,” says the court, which interprets that being a fascist “is not by itself” a reason to take away a street from someone in application of the law of historical memory. The Commissioner also reported that two of the brothers had joined the Blue Division. But as the Blue Division is also neutral in terms of historical memory, according to the court, this circumstance cannot be appealed.
Fallen of the Blue Division
This street did not get to change the plates, which were still fixed two years after the official modification, to the confusion of building porters and various delivery men. “The Chamber considers that it is crystal clear that the name of” Fallen of the Blue Division “to the street that we are reviewing does not have any connotation of exaltation of the confronted, and yes, on the contrary, of remembrance of the deceased who were integrated into said unit ”, resolves the TSJM. It does not matter that the contingent was “framed in Nazi Germany”, as the Commissioner referred in his report and the judges accept, but if that fact supposes “exaltation”. It did not seem so to their Lordships.
“José García Carranza, nicknamed Pepe el Algabeño, Andalusian bullfighter and landowner. In July 1931, he was involved in the death of four workers in the Parque de María Luisa in Seville and voluntarily collaborated in the bloody political cleaning of the popular neighborhoods of Seville by Queipo de Llano at the beginning of the Civil War, “the Commissioner reported. of the Historical Memory. Nor was this description sufficient for the judges. As there are five years between the deaths of Seville and July 18, there is no possible exaltation of the Civil War, says the sentence.
In addition, it is not clear if the honoree here is José García father or son, because both were known as “El Algabeño”, point out the judges. They also remember that the name of the street is from 1979, in an area in which the promoter proposed bullfighter names for the streets. During the procedure, the expert of the commission argued that the doubt advises not to keep the name, but the magistrates opined otherwise: “These considerations […] they make the administrative act fully unmotivated ”.
The main peculiarity of this case is that Cirilo Martín had no street until 2015. The PP granted it to him then, at the request of his descendants, for having been mayor of the now Aravaca neighborhood when it was still an independent municipality. Only later did it emerge that “he collaborated in the repression of the dictatorship after the war, by denouncing specific people of leftist ideology who were later retaliated”, as argued by the Commissioner. But the judges consider that this is not proven, that in 1931 Martín was mayor by popular vote and that there is documentation from which “his adherence to the republican cause is inferred” from that first year of democracy, soon truncated.