The G20 leaders meeting in Rome have agreed this Sunday to maintain the global warming ceiling at 1.5 degrees, as well as to take action to tackle the problem, official sources confirmed to Efe after a night of long negotiations.
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Last July, the meeting of the G20 energy and environment ministers failed to establish that common goal, after China and India, major polluters, refused to accept it.
The intention of the G20 was to agree on a common position facing the United Nations Summit for Climate Change (COP26) that starts this Sunday in the British city of Glasgow (north). The agreement is “practically closed, only a few fringes are missing” on other issues, the sources added.
For the moment, the G20, whose members accumulate 80% of the world’s wealth and 60% of the world’s population, has agreed investments of 100,000 million euros so that developing countries can implement policies that allow them to respect their commitments. environmental And measures have been agreed to implement throughout this decade, which have not yet transpired.
The negotiations have been difficult, as it is a thorny issue due to the requirement to limit emissions and industrial production of the powers.
That is why the host prime minister, the Italian Mario Draghi, minutes before the agreement was transcended, urged his G20 partners in Rome to reach a pact to keep global warming at 1.5 degrees, after China e India will reject it. “Some of us wonder why they are taking our climate goal from 2 degrees to 1.5. Why? Because science says so”, warned Draghi, president of the G20, before his partners in the plenary session of the Italian capital .
Draghi has also called on his partners to implement the ecological transition to reduce emissions: “We cannot delay it any longer. This transition requires a significant effort and governments must be prepared to help their citizens and businesses,” he said.
The Paris agreement stipulated the global goal of keeping global warming “well below” 2 degrees above pre-industrial levels, while inviting countries to strive to limit it to 1.5 degrees, which ultimately has been achieved today.