If a few days ago the European Union made it clear that it prefers to help refugees in Iran and Pakistan rather than within European borders, the G7 this Thursday approved a statement in similar terms: the seven most advanced economies on the planet conspire against “irregular migration” – while the EU spoke of ‘illegal migration’ – and are ready to help countries in the region hosting refugees.
The EU wants to contain Afghan refugees in Iran and Pakistan to “prevent uncontrolled illegal migratory movements” in Europe
“We are deeply concerned about the situation in Afghanistan,” says the statement by the G7 Interior Ministers – the United States, Canada, Japan, the United Kingdom, Germany, France, Italy and the EU – meeting this Wednesday and Thursday in London, “And we will cooperate together, with the countries of the region that host refugees, to access safe and regular routes for protection and resettlement. Protecting the vulnerable is a priority.”
The G7 affirms, in a message also to the Taliban Government, that “all foreign citizens and any Afghan citizen with travel authorization (granted after the relevant controls) from our countries must be able to go safely and in an orderly manner to their departure points. and traveling outside the country. We recognize the significant economic and social benefits that migrants arriving through regular channels can bring to our countries, while reaffirming our determination to combat irregular migration and smuggling networks. ”
The seven countries say they are united in “supporting those who have been forced to flee their homes due to threats of persecution, violence and oppression within Afghanistan. G7 members commit to take swift action to develop and strengthen safe routes. and regular to protect people at risk. Building on the principles of the Global Compact on Refugees and learning lessons from Syria’s response, we are determined to work together to enable those in need of protection to find safety and rebuild their lives. We recognize that certain Groups will be at increased risk of persecution and we will work together to ensure that women, girls, persecuted minorities and others facing threats of oppression and violence receive the support and protection they deserve. We will seek to support neighboring and transit countries , which host large numbers of migrants and refugees, to strengthen their capacities s of protection “.
Furthermore, the G7 statement states: “Our countries have a strong and proud history of offering refuge to those in need in times of crisis. Welcoming those fleeing persecution, conflict or oppression through safe and regular routes. is a key demonstration of this. These routes save lives and offer security and stability to those most in need of protection. ”
In parallel, the EU Foreign Action Service, dependent on Josep Borrell, has released a note this Thursday in which it expresses its “concern after the appointment of an interim government by the Taliban on September 7”.
European diplomacy considers that the composition of this mono-colored Executive “does not live up to the promises declared by the Taliban on the need for an inclusive government that reflects the political, religious and ethnic diversity of Afghanistan. An inclusive and representative government is a key element for a stable and peaceful Afghanistan. It is also an essential benchmark for EU engagement. The EU therefore looks forward to such inclusion and representation in the future composition of the Government. ”
“To support the Afghan population, we will have to relate to the new government in Afghanistan,” Borrell said after the EU foreign ministers meeting last week, “which does not mean recognition, but an operational relationship. And this relationship Operational will increase depending on the behavior of this Government. To measure the behavior, we need benchmarks, benchmarks that we have discussed as the basis for the European Union’s relationship with the Afghan rulers after the Taliban take over. ”
The first condition is “the commitment that Afghanistan not serve as a basis for the export of terrorism to other countries; secondly, respect for human rights, in particular the rights of women, the rule of law and the freedom of the media; the third point, the establishment of an inclusive and representative transitional government through negotiations between the political forces in Afghanistan; the fourth, the free access of humanitarian aid, respecting our procedures and conditions for its delivery; the Finally, the fulfillment of the Taliban commitment on the departure of foreigners and Afghans at risk who wish to leave the country, in line with what has already been decided by the United Nations Security Council resolution. ”