He was waiting for a government instruction to proceed to comply with the law and this Monday he will receive it from the Secretary of State for Democratic Memory. Its manager, Fernando Martínez López, will send a letter first thing in the morning to the older brother of the Brotherhood of Macarena, José Antonio Fernández Cabrero, so that he proceeds “as soon as possible” to exhume and transfer the remains of the coup leader Queipo de Llano, responsible for the execution of more than 45,000 people in Seville during the fascist uprising of 1936. Also those of Francisco Bohórquez Vecina, war auditor and responsible for the execution of sentences with the application of a war decree. It is only a matter of time before the ignominy of all those who glorified them ends.
La Macarena will not make “any decision” about Queipo’s grave until “they tell her what to do”
The Government invokes in the letter, to which elDiario.es has had access, article 38.3 of the recently approved Law of Democratic Memory, which establishes that “the mortal remains of leaders of the 1936 military coup may not be or remain buried in a pre-eminent place of public access, other than a cemetery, that can favor the performance of public acts of exaltation, exaltation or commemoration of the human rights violations committed during the War or the Dictatorship”. In the same way, it recalls that article 35.5 states that “when the elements contrary to democratic memory are located in buildings of a private or religious nature, but with projection to a public space or use, the persons or institutions that own or own them They should be removed or eliminated. And that is precisely what the Executive demands from those responsible for the Basilica, once the rule was published last week in the BOE. A law that, as stated in the preamble, “seeks to close a debt of Spanish democracy with its past and promote a common discourse based on the defense of peace, pluralism and the condemnation of all forms of political totalitarianism that puts at risk the effective enjoyment of the rights and freedoms inherent to human dignity”.
Queipo de Llano was one of those most responsible for Franco’s brutal repression and under his orders more than 45,000 people were murdered, many of them shot on the canvases of the Arab wall that is still preserved next to the Macarena Basilica, a few meters from the tombstone under which he is buried. It is difficult to forget the horror of his crimes and the opprobrium that his presence in a public place entails, despite the fact that the brotherhood has sometimes defended that thanks to the bloodthirsty soldier the Basilica could be built and that this was the reason why he was buried. there with his wife.
Francisco Bohórquez, war auditor, was the one who signed each of the death sentences, and his body lies in the area of the antepresbytery of the temple hidden under some rugs.
Fernando Martínez reminds the older brother of La Macarena that the object of the law includes “the recognition of those who suffered persecution or violence, for political, ideological, thought or opinion reasons, religious conscience or belief, sexual orientation and identity, during the period between the coup d’état of July 18, 1936 and the entry into force of the 1978 Constitution”. And that with the same purpose, it intends to promote “moral reparation and the recovery of their personal, family and collective memory, as well as to adopt complementary measures aimed at eliminating elements of division among citizens and promoting bonds of union around the values , principles and constitutional rights”.
Also included in that same mandate, recalls the letter, “the provisions relating to symbols, elements and acts contrary to democratic memory, that is, those that exalt, personally or collectively, the military uprising and the Franco dictatorship, their leaders , the participants in the repressive system or the organizations that supported the post-war regime”.
The mortal remains of the coup plotter Gonzalo Queipo de Llano, one of the most bloodthirsty during the Civil War, rest under the chapel of the Virgin of the Basilica de la Esperanza Macarena and his presence in the religious complex has been the subject of a wide social debate in the last years. So, as stated in the communication to the older brother, “as a sign of respect for the victims and their families, and in compliance with the provisions of the new law, it is mandatory to put an end to this situation.”
“The Royal, Illustrious and Fervent Brotherhood and Brotherhood of Nazarenes of Our Lady of the Holy Rosary, Our Father Jesus of Sentence and Mary Most Holy of Hope Macarena plays -continues Martínez’s letter- an undoubted role of reference, both in the city of Seville as in the rest of the national territory. As his older brother, the public statements collected by the media are an unequivocal expression of both respect for current legal provisions and commitment to comply with them”. Hence, the Secretary of State for Democratic Memory declares in his letter that he has no doubt “that the observance of the norms established in Law 20/2022, of October 20, inspired by the principles of International Humanitarian Law, is properly inscribed in the operating criteria of the entity you represent”.
The Government thanks in advance the “good disposition” of the older brother to “facilitate as much as possible and as soon as possible the completion of the necessary procedures for the exhumation and transfer of the remains” of Gonzalo Queipo de Llano and puts the Secretary of State , dependent on the Minister of the Presidency, Félix Bolaños, at the disposal of the Brotherhood for any questions or queries that it may wish to formulate for compliance with a law that, he recalls, “promotes the cohesion and solidarity of citizens and the different generations around constitutional principles, values and freedoms”.
This will end forever a controversy that has lasted for years without any government of the Andalusian Government having shown any forcefulness on the matter, not even after the approval in 2017 of its own Law of Historical and Democratic Memory. A text that already established that in its article 32.4 that “When the elements contrary to Democratic Memory are placed in private buildings with projection to a public space or use, the people who own them must remove or eliminate them.” The Brotherhood defended that, as the Andalusian law was dictated and without a subsequent regulation, there is no obligation to remove the remains of the soldier, although it always maintained that the columbarium projected in the Basilica could be a possible solution in the future. to the burial of the coup general if the family accepts it.
Now the countdown begins.