In November, the Government will review the anti-crisis plan that it launched to mitigate the effects of the economic and social crisis left by the war in Ukraine. The intention of the Executive is to maintain those “more effective” measures and “aimed at the most vulnerable groups”, as indicated by the Minister of Finance, María Jesús Montero, in her speech to defend the General State Budgets of 2023 that pass their first process in Congress this week with the vote on the amendments to the whole. The person in charge of Transport, Raquel Sánchez, pointed out on Tuesday, for example, the maintenance of the 2% cap on the increase in rents, which was one of the measures, in addition to the tax reductions for gas and electricity or the bonus of fuels, among others.
The measures of the Budgets: 100 euros per month for upbringing, pension increases and free Renfe in 2023
“The 2023 accounts do not contain the bulk of extraordinary and temporary measures to combat the economic and social consequences of the war. As we get closer [al vencimiento el 31 de diciembre], in November, those that will have to remain will be specified, ”said Montero, who has defended that the Executive’s plans to combat inflation are already having an effect. Specifically, he has referred to initiatives related to transport, such as free subscriptions. The intention of the Government is that they have permanence as a strategy, in addition, for the ecological transition.
The Minister of Finance has recognized that “difficult months” are coming due to the cut in the energy supply by Russia and for this reason she has assured that she is presenting the reality “without hot cloths”, although she has pointed out that she detaches herself from the “doctrine of shock” of those who point to a recession. The Government flatly rejects that Spain is going to find itself in this situation and is based on the forecasts of “national and international organizations” that indicate that it will be the country in the eurozone that will grow the most in both 2022 and 2023.
In line with what the Government has been doing in recent months, Montero has made a plea in favor of strengthening the “middle and working class.” “It helps to strengthen the welfare state, which is the key to our progress and development and the territorial and social structure. Countries that have a strong middle class are less unequal and more prosperous economically”, asserted the head of the Treasury, who has advocated the growth of that social layer to combat inequality, which she has called “a burden on the economy”. .
Montero has exposed the growth of the main items of social spending, such as pensions (11.5%), housing (5.4%) or R&D&I (132%), among others. He has also made an express reference to the increase in military spending, which will grow by 25% next year. “It will attend to the creation of 22,600 new jobs, especially in national industry,” he explained, referring to companies such as Airbus, Navantia or Indra.
The also deputy general secretary of the PSOE has taken the opportunity to stir up the right, which she has accused of being on the side of an “elite”. “A recent analysis of tax reforms in 18 OECD countries has shown that cutting taxes on the richest 1% does not raise economic growth in the short or medium term, nor does it boost GDP or lower unemployment. Inequality increases”, she pointed out before appealing to the PP caucus: “If what they defend is privileging the richest 1%, say so; do not invent excuses that insult the intelligence”. The minister has vehemently defended the “solidarity” of those who have the most through the tax on large fortunes, as something “more precise than ever”.
“The people of this country are not going to understand that at times like the current one they prefer to profile themselves or act against the general interest,” he has told the parties that reject the accounts, whom he has accused of electoralism: “You will know to what interests they respond and they will have to explain it”.