The Government will create the State Agency for Digital Administration to manage the digitization of all public bodies and the Spanish Agency for the Supervision of Artificial Intelligence to control the development of this technology in our country, its regulations and its possible uses, as collected by General State Budgets (PGE) of 2022, approved yesterday and published today in the Official State Gazette (BOE).
The creation of these two new bodies highlights the relevance that both areas have acquired for the country in recent years. And it is that state agencies are entities specialized in a matter, such as drug control or data protection, which have full organic and functional independence with respect to the rest of the public administrations, legal personality and own patrimony. Elements that give them a great capacity for action and control over the matters that concern them.
In accordance with the PGE, the Spanish Agency for the Supervision of Artificial Intelligence will be in charge of creating measures to protect citizens from possible risks arising from this technology, both with regard to their physical safety and that of their fundamental rights. For this, this body will have the capacity to carry out its own actions, in coordination with other competent authorities or supporting private entities.
This agency is an initiative of Más País-Equo that the Government agreed to include in the 2022 PGE and that the party led by Íñigo Errejón described as an organism that will be in charge of control the algorithms of social media or delivery apps to ensure its correct use in the workplace, study its impact on mental health or check if certain systems are discriminatory, among others.
The PGE specify that the development, supervision and monitoring of projects framed within the National Artificial Intelligence Strategy and all those promoted by the European Union on this technology will also be the responsibility of the Spanish Agency for the Supervision of Artificial Intelligence, “In particular those related to the regulatory development of AI and its possible uses”, says the document.
The Spanish Agency for the Supervision of Artificial Intelligence will have a budget of five million euros for its start-up and its actions will be governed by the provisions of its organic statute, yet to be defined, and by the provisions of the Law on the Legal Regime of the Public Sector.
Digitization of Public Administration
The State Agency for Digital Administration, for its part, will be in charge of directing, coordinating and executing the digitization process of the different State agencies. This means that it will take care of provide support to the different ICT departments of the rest of the public institutions and to carry out the measures included in the 2021-2025 Public Administration Digitization Plan.
The PGE indicate that the mission of this agency is “improve the accessibility of digital public services to citizens, overcome the current digital divide and favor the efficiency and effectiveness of public employees ”. The document does not specify the budget allocation for this new body.