Sunday, December 4

The legacy of Adriana Garosci: the thread that unites the Malaga faeneras with the anti-fascist partisans


There is a common thread that runs through the stretch that goes from the Malaga faeneras that in 1918 rebelled asking for bread from four fat dogs to the partisan operation to liberate Rome from Mussolini’s fascist regime. That thread is called Adriana Garosci: a vitalist woman in love with the Malaga sky, knowledgeable about the history of Spain, cultured, anarchist, feminist and daughter of Aldo Garosci, a renowned Italian intellectual who fought in the Spanish Civil War.

The Malaga faeneras of 1918: how the workers’ rebellion went from oblivion to homage

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Adriana passed away in October 2018, but before that she left her family one thing: a part of what she left would be used to pay for projects to spread anarchist and feminist thought in Italy and Spain. And that is where the El Hilo de Adriana collection appears, of which the El Acebuche Libertarian Athenaeum just published the first book: The revolt of the faeneras. Malaga, 1918by the historian Raquel Zugasti.

In El Hilo de Adriana, El Acebuche will publish texts written by women or that address issues in which women and feminist culture are protagonists. “We hope that Adriana can feel satisfied with both this number and the next ones that we publish,” explains Antonio Somoza, spokesman for the Ateneo Libertario. He says that the project they presented to the family has two legs: the collection with a “feminist perspective” and the free delivery of these books and others from the Mutual Support Notebooks that they publish to libraries and institutions.



The price, 15 euros, has risen compared to other Ateneo books because they hope that Garosci’s donation of 6,000 euros will give to publish more numbers and send more to libraries. “The intention is to keep Adriana’s thread going, even if the money runs out,” Somoza clarifies, advancing that the next issue will probably be related to ecofeminism.

“When we receive interesting proposals that fit the idea, we will publish. They will always be books that are not very long and understandable, with many references to arouse curiosity”, he explains. They are close to running out of the first edition of 200 copies of the book of the faeneras and about to order a second print run from Ediciones del Genal.

From Adriana, a Roman in love with Malaga…

The name of the collection came by itself: it is a tribute to the friend and patron of the project, but also a nod to the myth of the Labyrinth of Crete. The collection was born with “the hope of helping to weave a few meters of that thread that allows us to get out of the labyrinth in which we find ourselves”, just like Ariadne, moved by the love of Theseus, a golden thread helped her out of the labyrinth after killing the Minotaur.

“I met her at the beginning of the 90s, when she came to Malaga because she wanted to study Spanish: she knew something, but she wanted to perfect it,” remembers Antonio Arjona, Adriana’s friend. She had tried to settle in Barcelona, ​​in a kind of homage to the footsteps of her father (we will come back to this later), but she ended up on the Costa del Sol and a short time later she was already living between Rome and Malaga.

Adriana, born 1950, worked throughout her life between the National Library of Rome and the National Museum of Art and Popular Traditions. His appetite for knowledge was voracious: “He was a highly educated person, an anthropologist, he was fluent in French, English, Spanish, an inveterate reader, with many interests: he knew a great deal about art, he never missed any exhibition and he knew all the Spanish poets better than anyone” , says Arjona, who clarifies that the passion for the study was not at odds with being a person of action. She was habitual in the demonstrations and in the acts of the CGT.

To Aldo, partisan against Mussolini

His political concerns ran in his family. The his mother, Irene Nürnberg, risked her life for being Jewish and for fighting Nazism. Her father, Aldo Garosci, was one of the most significant Italian intellectuals against fascism, as one recalled. obituary in El País. In 1943 he boarded a plane in London and was parachuted behind German army lines to participate in the liberation of Italy. Later he became one of the most visible faces of the Italian Action Party, dissolved in 1947. “Of our generation, Garosci has been the most precocious, combative and generous anti-fascist,” Norberto Bobbio said of him.

Anti-fascism had already shown it. He had been a member of the International Brigades, with which he fought in Barcelona and on the Huesca front during the Civil War. From that Spanish experience, in addition to a serious wound in the battle of Monte Pelado, he took a deep mark. A teacher at the universities of Turin and Rome, Garosci had one of the most complete libraries on the Spanish conflict, which he donated to the Gobetti Center on his death. He himself wrote a key text, Intellectuals and the war in Spainoriginally published in 1959 and in Spain in 1981 by Editorial Júcar.

But in addition to being a tenacious combatant against fascism, Garosci also opposed Stalinism, firmly anchoring himself against the theses of Gramscian cultural hegemony and the liberal socialism of the Italian Democratic Socialist Party, a split from the PSI.

During the struggle for the liberation of Italy, Aldo met Irene Nurnberg, Polish, Jewish and also a member of the Resistance against fascism and Nazi occupation. Nurnbeg will later be a relevant character in the formation of groups opposed to Francoism. With her Aldo had her only daughter, Adriana: the weaver of the thread that leads from the popular insurrection of the Malaga workers to the anti-fascist resistance on Monte Pelado and in the streets of Rome.



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