Saturday, December 4

The most dangerous active volcanoes in the world | Digital Trends Spanish


They are colossal, central in the mythology of some cultures and also one of the most categorical geological signs that we live on a living planet. We are talking about volcanoes, geological structures typically conical in shape and that although they rise hundreds and even thousands of meters, like a mountain, they differ because at the top is their crater or caldera.

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The term volcano has its origins in Roman culture and takes its name from the god of fire Vulcan. However, in other mythologies they also have symbolic meanings, such as the case of the imposing Popocatépetl volcano and its neighbor Iztaccihuatl, which star in a pre-Hispanic legend between two Tlaxcalans, the warrior Popocatépetl and the princess Iztaccihuatl. In Hawaii, the eruptions are attributed to the goddess Pele, deity of the volcanoes.

Mythologically or geologically, volcanoes are imposing structures, capable of causing great destruction in a matter of hours. Therefore, here we present you the most dangerous active volcanoes in the world.

The most dangerous active volcanoes in the world

Vesuvius

Is more introduction needed than being the protagonist of one of the most famous and deadly eruptions in the history of Europe? Vesuvius is located on the coast of Italy, facing the Bay of Naples, about nine kilometers from the city; Its height is 1,281 meters (4,202 feet). Its historic eruption occurred in the year 79 (1st century) and destroyed the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum.

Its last eruption occurred in 1944 and destroyed a good part of the city of San Sebastiano.

Etna

A photograph of the Etna volcano

Another Italian, only this one is located on the east coast of Sicily. Its history is beautiful, as many locals still call it Gibello or Mongibelo, an Italian adaptation of the Arabic word ŷébel, which means mountain or mountain. And why so? due to the Arab migration that settled there during the Middle Ages. Do you want more history? In Greek mythology, inside Etna were the forges of Hephaestus, where he worked in the company of Cyclops and giants. Beneath Etna lay the monstrous Typhoon, causing frequent earthquakes and eruptions. Its height is 3,357 meters, just over 1,100 feet.

Its eruptions are constant, but the last of considerable magnitude occurred on March 16, 2017.

Mount Agung

A photograph of Mount Agung, Indonesia

An imposing volcano, 3,142 meters high (10,308 feet) and with a crater 800 meters wide. Such a colossus was in charge of causing the evacuation of 100,000 people on November 21, 2017, the most recent date on which Mount Agung, located in Indonesia, erupted.

Nyiragongo

The crater of the Nyirago volcano, in the Democratic Republic of the Congongo

The Nyiragongo, located about 20 kilometers north of the city of Goma in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, looks like a volcano of legend. It is enormous, since its height is 3,470 meters (approximately 1,1384 feet), and its crater is about two kilometers wide, and its interior usually contains a lake of lava.

It has had multiple eruptions since 1982, and on January 17, 2002, it threw between 14 and 34 million cubic meters of lava that fell on the city of Goma, causing the evacuation of 120,000 people.

Saint Helena

A photograph of the mighty Mount Saint Helena

In America, one of the most dangerous volcanoes is Santa Helena, located in Skamania County, in Washington, United States. Its altitude is 2,550 meters (about 8,366 feet).

Its most catastrophic eruption of the contemporary era occurred on May 18, 1980, with an eruption so powerful that it would be equivalent to the detonation of 500 atomic bombs. The explosion was heard as far away as British Columbia, Montana, Idaho and Northern California. The toll was 57 people, including innkeeper Harry Truman and geologist David A. Johnston, thousands of charred animals, and hundreds of square kilometers of totally razed land.

Novarupta

A photograph of the Novarupta volcano

The eruption that formed the Novarupta volcano occurred between June 6 and 8, 1912, and is remembered as one of the most violent eruptions of the 20th century. It is remembered that way because it lasted 60 hours and expelled 30 times more magma than Mount Saint Helene in 1980. Paradoxically, it is a volcano just 841 meters high (2,759 feet).

The Novarupta volcano is located on the Alaska Peninsula, in the Katmai National Park and Preserve, about 470 kilometers southwest of Anchorage.

Popocatepetl

The imposing Popocatepetl volcano

This 5,500-meter-high (about 18,044 feet) colossus is located about 70 kilometers from Mexico City, where around nine million inhabitants live, but up to 15 million people converge daily. It has been active for several decades, with constant emissions of ash, smoke and incandescent material. The locals of the state of Puebla, where he is located, call him Don Goyo.

Mount Fuji

A photograph of the iconic Mount Fuji

Speaking of iconic volcanoes, Mount Fuji, at 3,776 meters high, stands out as the highest peak in all of Japan. It is located between Shizuoka and Yamanashi prefectures, west of Tokyo. It hasn’t erupted since December 16, 1707, so some volcanologists fear the next one will be catastrophic.

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