Saturday, September 18

The new electricity bill explained in four strokes

From this June 1 the new electricity bill It changes to a new model that sets time slots and the possibility of hiring two powers. A new regulation elaborated by the Government and the National Commission of Markets and Competition (CNMC) has modified the electricity tolls (which are used to pay what it costs to get electricity to our homes) so that the savings and consumption decisions of each person have more weight in the final price of our bill.

Hourly Discrimination Rate in electricity: when are we interested in hiring it?

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All consumers (it is estimated that these changes will reach about 19 million consumers) will have a toll with hourly discrimination in terms of power and energy, that is to say, that the price will be different according to the consumption schedule. This measure foresees “to promote energy saving, efficiency, self-consumption and the deployment of the electric vehicle”, indicates the Ministry for the Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge.

The consumer, therefore, will pay for the electricity according to the time of day they consume it. The new electricity bill leaves behind the chaos of rates in force until now and goes from six to one. This new rate, which will be known by the acronym 2.0TD, will be applicable to all domestic users or small businesses that have contracted a power less than or equal to 15 kW and that are covered by the regulated rate (PVPC).

New time slots

The new rate establishes three price ranges for all subscribers, with a different access toll for each of them:

  1. Tip. It is the most expensive period and consists of two time sections: 10:00 a.m. – 2:00 p.m. and 6:00 p.m. – 10:00 p.m. from Monday to Friday. The fixed costs per kWh are 0.136 euros.
  2. Flat. It is the intermediate section and includes three time sections: 8:00 a.m. – 10:00 a.m., 2:00 p.m. – 6:00 p.m. and 10:00 p.m. – 12:00 p.m. from Monday to Friday. Here, the fixed costs per kWh are 0.042 euros.
  3. Valley. It is the stretch cheaper and consists of a single time section: 24:00 – 8:00 from Monday to Friday. All weekends and holidays are also included. The fixed costs of the kWh will be 0.006 euros.

These changes seek to increase the consumption of household appliances such as washing machines or dishwashers in periods of less demand, simplify the charging of electric vehicles, etc. According to the CNMC, the difference between charging the vehicle at any time of the day or at night would exceed 300 euros a year.

Also according to the CNMC, not turning on several household appliances at the same time it can save us between 200 and 300 euros per year.

From one to two powers

Different powers can be contracted for the peak and valley periods (the most expensive and the cheapest):

  • Peak power (most expensive): from 8 in the morning to 12 at night.
  • Valley power (cheapest): from 12 at night to 8 in the morning and all hours on weekends and holidays.

The consumer You can hire the power you want in each of the schedules (peak and valley) as long as 15 kW are not exceeded and it can only be changed every twelve months. To reduce the bill, it is advisable to transfer a higher power in the cheapest time slot.

Again, according to the CNMC, two free power changes will be allowed until May 31, 2022, except in the case that these require the displacement of a technician. The power in each period is, by default, the one currently contracted.

What does the consumer have to do?

The consumer with regulated tariff (PVPC) does not have to do anything because changes are assigned automatically. As we have seen, you can adapt the contracted powers and consumption guidelines to save and take advantage of the new toll structure.

Consumers who are in the free market will have to assess the offers with the electricity company with which they have the contract. All these changes affect a part of the invoice: tolls and charges.

The former are used to pay for the transport and distribution of electricity to our homes (they are fixed prices established by the CNMC) and charges that reflect costs of the sector such as the tariff deficit, etc. This represents around 50% of everything we pay at the end of the month (24% of what is paid corresponds to the cost of energy and a little more than 21% to taxes).

According to the Organization of Consumers and Users (OCU), with this new invoice the fixed part goes down. “A home with less than 10kW of power that keeps it unchanged will pay 16% less.” Therefore, people with low consumption will pay less. But the bill may increase for those with high consumption because the price of KWh in peak hours is nine cents more expensive.

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