The planet’s temperature will rise 2.7 degrees by the end of the century if governments do not present more ambitious climate action plans to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
The UN urged this Friday to “urgently redouble efforts” in the fight against climate change because current commitments are insufficient to comply with the Paris Agreement and avoid the most catastrophic effects of rising temperatures. The UN has analyzed the national emission reduction plans (NDC) approved or committed so far ahead of the Climate Summit (COP26) in November in Glasgow (United Kingdom) and, according to its criteria, they fall short: global emissions they will rise 16% by 2030. The 113 countries that have increased their ambition compared to 2015 would cut gases by 12%, but it is not enough.
“While there is a clear trend to reduce emissions, countries must urgently redouble their efforts if they want to prevent global temperature rise from exceeding the Paris Agreement target of being well below 2 degrees Celsius and if possible, 1.5 degrees by the end of the century “, explained the UN.
The document has information on the 191 countries that signed the Paris Agreement, including the 86 NDCs that have been updated until July 30, which represent the commitments of 113 countries and account for 49% of total polluting emissions.
Advance too slow
“The synthesis shows that countries are moving towards the temperature targets of the Paris Agreement,” said Patricia Espinosa, executive secretary of the UN agency for climate change (UNFCCC). The 113 countries that have raised their commitments plan to reduce their polluting emissions by 12% by 2030 compared to 2010.
However, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) estimated that limiting the increase in global average temperature to 1.5 degrees requires reducing CO2 emissions to 45% by 2030. Of the 113 countries, 70 have announced their intention to achieve climate neutrality by mid-century, which would mean an even greater emission reduction, of around 26% by 2030 compared to 2010, according to UNCC.
Espinosa stressed that it is necessary to reach “peak emissions as soon as possible, before 2030” and also support developing countries “to increase their resilience to climate change.” Key to this effort is the UN’s green fund, which should make 100 billion dollars flow annually from 2020 from industrialized countries to developing economies. However, Espinosa lamented, “it has not yet been fulfilled.”
“It is time to deliver: COP26 is the place to do it. Developing countries need this support to act in the most ambitious way possible,” said the UNCC executive secretary. The report also contains some “worrying” conclusions, according to the United Nations, which calculates that, with what is pointed out in the NDCs, global polluting emissions would be 16% higher in 2030 than in 2010. According to the latest IPCC conclusions, this increase may lead to an increase in temperature of about 2.7 ºC by the end of the century.