The unilateral referendum has fallen from the agenda of the majority independence parties and the Government. An overwhelming majority in Parliament on Thursday rejected a CUP resolution that proposed “holding a self-determination referendum before the end of the legislature.” The anti-capitalists have been left alone in their proposal to set a date for a referendum, which was not to the liking of ERC or the Junts. On the other hand, the sovereign majority has opted for a text that bets at the same time to continue the dialogue with the Government but, also, to “maintain the confrontation.” In another resolution, President Pere Aragonès has received the support of the PSC and the ‘comuns’ to maintain his commitment to the table.
The resolution introduced by the anti-capitalists has been one of the most controversial of those that have been debated and voted on this week in Parliament. For Republicans it was uncomfortable because it was a proposal that, in their opinion, exceeds the investiture agreement, in which there was talk of a “democratic attack” without specifying it. Junts also disagrees for political reasons, but in addition the CUP proposal has made the formation feel bad because they consider that it puts President Laura Borràs and the Parliamentary Board at criminal risk, which this Thursday has chosen to process the proposal despite To which debate on self-determination is prohibited by the Constitutional Court.
“If we were to hold a unilateral referendum again, what would we do differently?” Asked Junts spokeswoman Mònica Sales. “We consider that it only makes sense to replace the 1-O by an agreed referendum, so that it is binding for the Spanish State and fully recognized for the international community,” he added. For ERC, on the other hand, the rejection is to the calendar more than to the instrument. As explained by the Republican spokeswoman, Marta Vilalta, her training considers that the negotiating table with the State must be explored to the end and that it is not the time to set time limits.
The Parliament of Catalonia has thus returned to a majority commitment to the referendum only if it is agreed with the State, a path that was not hegemonic from the first stages of the process, prior to 2014. At the proposal of the Government groups, the Chamber has approved a text that affirms that “the right to self-determination is the only democratic way for the resolution of the political conflict between Catalonia and the Spanish State” and that “only a referendum of self-determination agreed with Spain can replace the political mandate of the referendum of the October 1st”. Two statements with little practical value and that do not detract from the Government’s commitment, especially that of the Presidency of the Generalitat, for the dialogue table.
In fact, ERC has managed to obtain several guarantees for its commitment to negotiation. The first thanks to a proposal from the ‘comuns’ that has shown the support of the plenary session for Aragonès to negotiate, and has received the endorsement of the PSC and the ERC itself. And a second resolution, also approved, with which the Republicans advocated a “negotiation process articulated through a political dialogue and negotiation table between the two governments.” This second text has received the support of PSC, ERC and ‘comuns’, but also an important abstention from the Junts that has prevented the parties of the Government from being totally divided on the question of negotiation.