Friday, December 9

The PP asked in Parliament to maintain the highest Franco decoration that Mussolini and Hitler had


The PP has voted in the processing of the Law of Democratic Memory in favor of maintaining decorations awarded during the dictatorship of Francisco Franco, including the highest ranking that regulated the regime and that was awarded to Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini or Rudolf Hess, among others. others. This follows from one of the 521 amendments that the parliamentary groups presented to the Government project, which this Wednesday was definitively approved in the Senate. With the amendment, of suppression, Alberto Núñez Feijóo’s party intended to maintain the 33 titles of nobility that the regime created between 1948 and 1978, and which are still in force, as well as the Imperial Order of the Yoke and the Arrows. All will be annulled once the rule promoted by the ministry headed by Félix Bolaños comes into force.

Ministers, friends and relatives: the titles that the dictator granted during the Franco regime that will be annulled

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Franco created this civil and military distinction in the midst of the Civil War as the “supreme award of the New State for national merit.” In the four decades of dictatorship, the decoration was awarded to the dictators Hitler and Mussolini, and other members of the fascist regimes that helped the Spanish coup plotters, such as the German Rudolf Hess, defined in the Official State Gazette itself as “minister of the Reich and lieutenant of the Führer”; Roberto Farinacci, minister of the Italian regime, or the Portuguese ambassador of the dictatorship of Antonio Salazar, Pedro Teotónio.

During the war, this distinction was also awarded to generals who participated in the coup d’état, such as Gonzalo Queipo de Llano, Andrés Saliquet Zumeta or José Moscardó Ituarte, in addition to other officials who sided with the rebel side.



As the dictatorship advanced, the Imperial Order of the Yoke and the Arrow was given to collaborating international personalities, such as Mohamed V of Morocco or Faysal II of Iraq. The last delivery was to Adolfo Suárez, who was Franco’s minister and, later, the first president of the democracy restored in 1978. The PP also intended to keep the titles of nobility granted during the Franco regime and which were delivered to ministers, friends and relatives of the dictatorship.

The vote on that amendment (the 174) in the Senate resulted in 107 votes in favor, 148 against and five abstentions. The thickness of the Yes it is He left the PP bench, proponent of the amendment, with a total of 100, including members of the Feijóo leadership present. Two PP senators took a position against it and two were not present for the vote. Also, three senators from Vox, and those from UPN and Compromís supported the amendment –It was an error, as explained by the Comunitat Valenciana party–, in addition to several “independents” arising from the different defections in Ciudadanos. Among the abstentions, the only representative left for Ciudadanos, in addition to senators from the PRC, Teruel Exists, the PAR and the Socialist Association of La Gomera.

elDiario.es has contacted the Popular Group in the Senate to obtain the motivation for this amendment, since in the letter only the “technical improvement” of the norm appears as a justification. Sources from the popular group in the Upper House have assured that the amendment was a legacy of the processing in Congress.

Indeed, the PP also registered the same amendment in the Lower House (number 395) of suppression of article 41 of the Law of Democratic Memory, and under the same justification of “technical improvement”. The amendment was rejected in the Constitutional Commission, but the PP kept it “alive” for its vote in plenarywhere he also received a No controlling. elDiario.es has tried, without success, to obtain the motivations of the Popular Group in Congress.

Beyond the specificity of that amendment, the PP, together with Vox and Ciudadanos, has voted against the Democratic Memory Law that declares the Franco dictatorship illegal, assumes the exhumations as a State responsibility and seeks the resignification of the Valley of the Fallen, among other measures. In fact, Feijóo has promised to repeal this norm, which is a demand of the groups of victims, when he comes to power.

Once the law is in force, the Government intends to begin work on the exhumation of Primo de Rivera del Valle de los Caídos (for which it hopes to have the agreement of the Falangist leader’s family) and Queipo de Llano de la Macarena of Seville.

The author of the image of the plate that illustrates this information is Alexeinikolayevichromanov and has been published under a CC BY-SA 4.0 license.





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