Friday, July 30

The vaccine against Covid-19: maps and graphics of the vaccination process in Spain and the world


Data updated as of July 19

Humanity faces the largest vaccination campaign in history. The immunization process against Covid-19, which began in early December in the United States, United Kingdom, Russia and China, is underway around the world and stands out in most of the richest countries.

Spain began the administration of the Pfizer doses on December 27, in mid-January those of Moderna began to be inoculated as well and, in February, those of AstraZeneca. All three vaccines are double-dose: they require two pricks separated by a period of several weeks. Those of Janssen were the last serums to begin to be administered in our country, which only requires one injection.

Since the campaign began, the first people to receive the vaccine were the elderly residents in senior centers, as well as first-line health personnel and large dependents. As the vaccination process has progressed, doses of the different sera have been inoculated to the rest of the general population, prioritizing the older age groups.

The following table shows the status of the vaccination process in Spain in each autonomous community. The percentage of the population completely vaccinated, the percentage of the population with at least one dose of the vaccine, the percentage of doses administered over those received in each autonomous community, the number of injected doses and the registered date of the last dose administered are shown.



From flattening to accelerating the curve

When the pandemic began, there was a main objective for all the countries of the world: to flatten the contagion curve. With the advent of vaccines, the goal is to accelerate the vaccination curve to immunize millions of people in record time – a logistical and medical challenge never before done on a global scale.

Over the weeks, it has been shown that the bottleneck of vaccination in Spain are the doses received. This is how the vaccination rate in Spain evolves, measured in the average daily doses administered in the last week.

This is how the vaccination rate evolves in Spain

Evolution of
number of new doses of the Covid-19 vaccine administered in Spain. Figures are displayed by notification date

At the average rate of the last week, it would take
more to vaccinate 70% of the population (with two doses)

Source: Ministry of Health

Although currently a good rate of vaccination has been achieved, the process began at different speeds between autonomous communities, since each one can apply different vaccination strategies. For example, the territories that have a higher population with priority to vaccinate (residences, toilets and those over 60 years old) have received more doses per inhabitant and have been able to vaccinate a greater part of the population.

To find out how the process is progressing and how much population is immunized in each region, the following graph shows the detail by communities. In it you can see how many people have received at least one dose or the complete vaccine, and the percentage they represent of the total population to be immunized in each region.

How many people are vaccinated in each community and how many doses are being given?

Evolution of the% of population in each region that has received
at least one dose Y who has received the complete vaccine

Click on the button to see the vaccination rate: number of new doses administered and the seven day average


Source: Ministry of Health

How is the vaccination process evolving in your autonomous community? How many people have received at least one dose of the vaccine? And the complete guideline? How long will it take to immunize 70% of the population? In the following tabs you can consult all the details, region by region.

Source: Ministry of Health (data updated to )

The age groups with the most advanced vaccination

Vaccination of the different age groups progresses at a different rate in each autonomous community. Those over 80 were the first to start receiving the serums; AstraZeneca doses were subsequently prioritized for essential workers and octogenarians. With the arrival of Janssen, vaccination of people between 50 and 59 years began in May. As for the youngest, vaccination in minors is getting closer and closer, but they are still the last priority.

The following table allows you to consult the evolution of vaccination in each age group according to the percentage of the population that has received at least one dose or the complete vaccination schedule.

Vaccination, by age group, in each community

Percentage of the population of each age group that has received at least one dose of the Covid-19 vaccination or the complete schedule, out of the total population of that group

NOTE: in the case of the 20-49 age group, before June 21 includes 18 and 19 years


Source: Ministry of Health

The effect of vaccination on mortality

The doses inoculated in Spain are already beginning to pay off. When analyzing the mortality curve, infections and hospitalizations for each age group, it is clearly observed how mortality among those over 80 years of age (the first to receive the vaccine) has significantly reduced than among the rest of the population. To a lesser extent, a greater reduction in cases and hospitalizations is also seen in this age group. Each curve is adjusted with respect to the maximum peak that each group registered in the third wave.


Vaccination among the elderly is already noticeable in seriously ill patients and mortality

Comparison of the evolution of cases, deaths and hospitalizations with Covid-19 among those with more than 80 years (the first age group to receive the vaccine), between 70 and 79 years, 60 and 69 years, 50 and 59 years
and the rest of the groups



Which community is vaccinating faster now?

The race to immunize the population against Covid-19 also occurs between the autonomous communities. In the first months of the vaccination plan, the rate increased throughout Spain, but the speed at which the different regions performed the punctures varied. In the following graph you can see the number of doses that are administered, per 100 inhabitants, each day in each community and the average for Spain. The curves show the average of the last week.

Which community is vaccinating the fastest? This is how the rate of administration per inhabitant evolves

Evolution of
number of new doses of the Covid-19 vaccine administered in each autonomous community for every 100 inhabitants. The 7-day average per notification date is displayed

The road to immunity in the world

Millions of people in a small number of countries around the world have already received at least one dose of some Covid-19 vaccine. The campaign began in many countries in December with emergency authorizations, in some cases using experimental drugs, and which has accelerated in recent weeks with the authorizations of several vaccines in the European Union and the rest of the world.

The following map shows the countries that have administered the most doses per 100 inhabitants worldwide. Only the figures for the countries that have published data are shown, according to the data collected by the portal Our World in Data.



The vaccination gap between rich and poor countries is beginning to show in the figures. So far, the majority of doses administered worldwide are concentrated in the Northern Hemisphere: virtually all of Europe has started vaccinating along with the United States, Canada and much of the Middle East. Precisely, Israel leads the vaccination campaign around the world with 50,000 daily doses that is explained by the digitization of the health system, the distribution of doses to avoid waste and centralization. This table includes the percentage of immunized people in each country, a figure that may differ from the doses per 100 inhabitants, since in many countries vaccines that require two doses are being administered. This percentage cannot be calculated for countries that do not show separately the number of administered doses of each type of vaccine.



The difference between Israel’s vaccination curve and that of other countries is wide. Although the size and population of each country must also be taken into account to make comparisons: it is not the same to vaccinate 8 million people who live concentrated in 22,000 square kilometers than to vaccinate 47 million people who live in 500,000 square kilometers Of surface. To date, Pfizer’s vaccine is the most widespread in Europe and the United States, where Moderna’s vaccine is also being administered. The Oxford / AstraZeneca has also started in the UK. Instead China, India and Russia are using their own drugs that are also distributed by Latin America.



The economic gap becomes more visible when the doses administered are grouped by regions of the world. The vaccination process has only just begun in Latin America and Africa, compared to the countries with the highest per capita income, which accounted for most of the doses purchased before the vaccines were approved.



The following graph shows in greater detail how is the gap in the vaccination process between the countries of the world, according to their income levels. The richer the countries are, the more doses per 100 inhabitants they have administered, and vice versa: the countries with the lowest incomes are those that have been able to inoculate their population with the least vaccines. Click on the bubbles to see the details of the vaccination in each country.

The vaccination gap in each country by income level

Number of doses administered per 100 inhabitants in each country grouped by income levels. The size of the bubble indicates the population of the country. Highlighted the Spain vaccination

Source: Our World in Data, World Bank



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