Tuesday, October 19

The vaccine against Covid-19: maps and graphics of the vaccination process in Spain and the world


Data updated as of October 1

Humanity faces the largest vaccination campaign in history. The immunization process against Covid-19, which began in early December in the United States, United Kingdom, Russia and China, is underway around the world and stands out in most of the richest countries.

In Spain, the vaccination campaign against COVID-19 began on December 27. Since the process began, injections for the elderly were prioritized and as it progressed it was extended to other age groups. Eight months later, on August 31, the goal was achieved that 70% of the population had the complete guideline against the disease, and the sera now reach practically all age groups.

The Pfizer, Moderna and AstraZeneca vaccines are double-dose: they require two pricks separated by a period of several weeks. This does not apply to people who at some point have overcome the disease, to whom only one dose is inoculated. Those of Janssen, on the other hand, only require an injection.

The following table shows the status of the vaccination process in Spain in each autonomous community. The percentage of the population completely vaccinated and with at least one dose of the vaccine, the percentage of doses administered over those received in each autonomous community, the number of injected doses and how many days until reaching the first goal of 70% of the vaccine are shown. immunized population.



From flattening to accelerating the curve

When the pandemic began, there was a main objective for all the countries of the world: to flatten the contagion curve. With the advent of vaccines, the goal is to accelerate the vaccination curve to immunize millions of people in record time – a logistical and medical challenge never before done on a global scale.

Over the weeks, it has been shown that the bottleneck of vaccination in Spain are the doses received. This is how the vaccination rate in Spain evolves, measured in the average daily doses administered in the last week.

This is how the vaccination rate evolves in Spain

Evolution of
number of new doses of the Covid-19 vaccine administered in Spain. Figures are displayed by notification date

We reached the goal✅ of vaccinating 70%. At the rate of the last week, we would take
more to vaccinate 80% of the population (with two doses)

Source: Ministry of Health

The vaccination rhythm has advanced at different speeds between autonomous communities, since each one can apply different strategies and protocols. For example, the territories that have a higher population with priority to vaccinate (residences, toilets and older territories) have received more doses per inhabitant and have been able to vaccinate a greater part of the population. Thus, as of August 31, communities such as the Balearic Islands, Catalonia or Madrid were below the first target of 70% of the population with a complete guideline, while others such as Asturias or Galicia had exceeded it weeks ago.

To find out how the process is progressing and how much population is immunized in each region, the following graph shows the detail by communities. In it you can see how many people have received at least one dose or the complete vaccine, and the percentage they represent of the total population to be immunized in each region.

How many people are vaccinated in each community and how many doses are being given?

Evolution of the% of population in each region that has received
at least one dose and who has received the complete vaccine

Click on the button to see the vaccination rate: number of new doses administered and the seven day average


Source: Ministry of Health

How is the vaccination process evolving in your autonomous community? How many people have received at least one dose of the vaccine? And the complete guideline? How long will it take to immunize 70% of the population? In the following tabs you can check all the details, region by region.

Source: Ministry of Health (data updated to )

Vaccination reaches almost all age groups

When the process began, the doses available for the most vulnerable population were prioritized: people residing in centers for the elderly, the population over 80 years of age, first-line health personnel and large dependents. With the arrival of Janssen, vaccination of people between 50 and 59 years began in May, and later it was gradually inoculated in lower age groups, until practically all age groups, including minors, were reached.

The following table allows you to consult the evolution of vaccination in each age group according to the percentage of the population that has received at least one dose or the complete vaccination schedule.

Vaccination, by age group, in each community

Percentage of the population of each age group that has received at least one dose of the Covid-19 vaccination or the complete schedule, out of the total population of that group

NOTE: in the case of the 20-49 age group, before June 21 includes 18 and 19 years


Source: Ministry of Health

The effect of vaccination on mortality

Vaccines against COVID-19 do not eliminate the risk of contracting the disease and transmitting it, but they do eliminate the risk of developing severe symptoms and fatality. Vaccination has been clearly noted in the mortality figures. The blazing fifth wave of the pandemic in Spain left numbers of infections that had not been seen since the third wave (the one that broke out after Christmas) and, although there was an increase in deaths, the mortality achieved after the July explosion is not comparable to that of no other moment of the epidemic in our country. Each curve is adjusted with respect to the maximum peak that each group registered in the third wave.


Vaccination among the elderly is already noticeable in seriously ill patients and mortality

Comparison of the evolution of cases, deaths and hospitalizations with Covid-19 among those with more than 80 years (the first age group to receive the vaccine), between 70 and 79 years, 60 and 69 years, 50 and 59 years
and the rest of the groups



Which community is vaccinating faster now?

In the first months of the vaccination plan, the rate increased throughout Spain, but the speed at which the different regions performed the punctures varied, due to the different strategies of each community. In the following graph you can see the number of doses that are administered, per 100 inhabitants, each day in each community and the average for Spain. The curves show the average of the last week.

Which community is vaccinating the fastest? This is how the rate of administration per inhabitant evolves

Evolution of
number of new doses of the Covid-19 vaccine administered in each autonomous community for every 100 inhabitants. The 7-day average per notification date is displayed

The road to immunity in the world

Millions of people in a small number of countries around the world have already received at least one dose of some Covid-19 vaccine. The campaign began in many countries in December with emergency authorizations, in some cases using experimental drugs, and which has accelerated in recent weeks with the authorizations of several vaccines in the European Union and the rest of the world.

The following map shows the countries that have administered the most doses per 100 inhabitants worldwide. Only the figures for the countries that have published data are shown, according to the data collected by the portal Our World in Data.



The vaccination gap between rich and poor countries is beginning to show in the figures. So far, the majority of doses administered worldwide are concentrated in the Northern Hemisphere. This table includes the percentage of immunized people in each country, a figure that may differ from the doses per 100 inhabitants, since in many countries vaccines that require two doses are being administered. This percentage cannot be calculated for countries that do not show separately the number of administered doses of each type of vaccine.



The difference between the vaccination curves between the countries is mainly due to the availability of doses, the capacity of the vaccination system, and acceptance among citizens. Although the size and population of each country must also be taken into account to make comparisons: it is not the same to vaccinate 8 million people who live concentrated in 22,000 square kilometers than to vaccinate 47 million people who live in 500,000 square kilometers Of surface. To date, Pfizer’s vaccine is the most widely used in Europe and the United States. Oxford / AstraZeneca is also administered in the UK. Instead China, India and Russia are using their own drugs that are also distributed by Latin America.



The economic gap becomes more visible when the doses administered are grouped by regions of the world. The vaccination process has only just begun in Latin America and Africa, compared to the countries with the highest per capita income, which accounted for most of the doses purchased before the vaccines were approved.



The following graph shows in greater detail how is the gap in the vaccination process between the countries of the world, according to their income levels. The richer the countries are, the more doses per 100 inhabitants they have administered, and vice versa: the countries with the lowest incomes are those that have been able to inoculate their population with the least vaccines. Click on the bubbles to see the details of the vaccination in each country.

The vaccination gap in each country by income level

Number of doses administered per 100 inhabitants in each country grouped by income levels. The size of the bubble indicates the population of the country. Highlighted the Spain vaccination

Source: Our World in Data, World Bank



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