The dialogue between the Government of Nicolás Maduro and the Venezuelan opposition has given its first concrete results on Monday in Mexico, where the delegations announced the first two partial agreements after the second phase of negotiations since Friday.
“The results of this table will benefit all Venezuelans and all Venezuelans. We did it again in Mexico, ”Jorge Rodríguez, president of the National Assembly and representative of the ruling party, told the press.
The first agreement is the unified struggle for “the ratification and defense of Venezuela’s sovereignty over Guayana Esequiba”, an area of 159,500 square kilometers, rich in resources between Venezuela and Guyana, which has been the center of a struggle between the two countries. for almost two centuries.
The second, more important, is the “partial agreement for the social protection of the Venezuelan people,” with which the Maduro government intends to recover assets that have been frozen abroad, Rodríguez said.
“They are resources that also belong to Venezuela and that have been illegally stolen through the figure of ‘overcompliance’, overcompliance, which from the point of view of the Bolivarian Government are illegal, which are coercive measures, misnamed sanctions” , argument.
Third stage of negotiations from 24 to 27
The Chavista announced that they will resume negotiations in a third stage on September 24-27 in Mexico, where they have negotiated since a first visit on August 13-15, when they signed a memorandum of understanding to agree on a common agenda.
With this process, promoted by Norway and in which Mexico participates as facilitating headquarters, the opposition demands “free” elections in the regional elections on November 21, while President Maduro wants international sanctions to be lifted.
“The parties agreed that the first point of discussion in the next round will refer to ‘Respect for the Constitutional Rule of Law’. In particular, the justice system and respect for institutions will be discussed,” announced the Norwegian Embassy in Mexico in a statement.
The representative of the opposition Unitary Platform of Venezuela, the lawyer Gerardo Blyde, also revealed the creation of a “national technical table of social assistance” with the Government for access to accounts abroad with the condition of using the money in assistance. humanitarian.
“The parties agreed to establish mechanisms for restoring and obtaining resources to meet the social needs of the population, with special emphasis on the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, including those from multilateral organizations,” added Norway.
Despite the progress, Blyde pointed out to the press that in the framework of the talks, agreements will be reached “little by little” and after discussing the issues “thoroughly”, so that “false expectations” should not be fed.
“We have not yet reached the point of all the political prisoners that exist in Venezuela, or exiles, or persecuted, it is an agenda item. When we talk about the return of rights, it is point number 1 on the agenda,” said the lawyer. The opposition representative also clarified that there have been talks on “the electoral issue”, but it has not been “the center” of the negotiations.
In addition, he clarified that the “regime” requested access to the resources of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), but that the opposition has not authorized it. “We have not authorized anything yet, we simply agreed to discuss and deepen the discussions in the next rounds. Where we have spoken is that there are resources still available that have been thawed from accounts abroad that can be used for vaccines,” he said. The lawyer predicted a “long, hard and complex” process.
Based on what was signed on August 13, the discussions include “political rights for all”, electoral guarantees and a timetable for observable elections.
They also include the lifting of sanctions, the renunciation of violence, the reparation of victims, protection of the national economy, social protection measures, and guarantees of implementation, monitoring and verification.