The Chinese Ministry of Commerce has invited its citizens to “stockpile food” and “basic products” due to the rise in internal cases of COVID-19 and the “unusual” number of meteorological phenomena. And in Europe we also have our own alerts: the Austrian government issued instructions a few weeks ago on how to prepare for the hypothetical possibility of a major power blackout.
After a serious pandemic, a volcanic eruption on La Palma and other catastrophic situations, there are many who have sometimes wondered how we would act before “the End of the World” or some kind of event that will radically change our day to day. And it’s not that it’s anything strange: both fiction –with genres such as zombies– and documentary production –how many of us remember? The last survivor? sometimes they help us imagine ourselves in these situations.
But Can one really prepare for disasters or “blackouts”? The simple answer is: yes. Although we cannot know what the future will bring, we can anticipate and stockpile some products… to survive (in the event of a terrible disaster).
Survival kit: the minimum necessary
In an emergency, the kits basic supplies (as the United States Government calls them) or survival kits can make the days after us easier. Now, what do we need in a survival kit?
According the recommendations of the United States Government, a basic supplies kit must contain:
- non-perishable foods (rice, legumes)
- battery powered radio
- a flashlight
- a medicine cabinet
- a whistle
- wet wipes
- can opener
- a Mobile phone
- maps of the area
If we want to assemble a survival kit ourselves, we must reflect on what we might need in the first 72 hours. Regarding this time, it must be taken into account that during those first days we may require things such as: water, foods that are easy to cook (or that do not require cooking, such as cans) … Of course, if we want to create our own kit What exactly do we need?
In ConsumptionOf course we have consulted SAS Survival Manual, a play written by John Lofty Wiseman, a former British SAS military man. In this guide, the ex-soldier explains what is the minimum necessary to survive in any situation. Based on this work, we have compiled the following list:
1. Water purification tablets.
Faced with a blackout, a supply problem or a meteorological phenomenon, getting water may become a problem. That is why it is a very good idea to have water purification tablets.
It is a compound that, for each one, is capable of making one liter of drinking water. They cost around 10 euros and are very easy to store. This allows us to save space and have water for several weeks if the reserve runs out.
What if disaster forces us to leave home? So it is a very good idea to have acquired some key pieces that help us both to locate ourselves and to be located.
The essential is the compass. A tool that will facilitate orientation and easy to use. You can find each other really small models that can be stored practically anywhere.
In addition to the compass, it is a good idea to have a whistle –although it is better to have two, in case we are more than one person–, which can be essential so as not to lose our companion. They can also be included: a mirror to reflect lights and a chemical light, to mark the road or some area.
Fire is an essential element to survive an extreme situation. Not only does it provide heat, but it can also be used to cook or illuminate a space. Therefore, making fire is essential.
For this we can do ourselves with a flint or tinder to be able to make fire easily. It is also a good idea to have matches and candles on top that can give us a little more versatility, since, if what we want is to illuminate an area, the flint may be less useful.
To create a bonfire or a small fire to cook or warm up, it is advisable to save cotton, as it is a very flammable material and can be a great help to create a flame. It may also be a good idea to find a small stove.
One of the big problems can be storing and transporting, for example, water. To solve this problem there are two options.
The first, and cheapest, is the condom. Although they have another function, the latex in condoms is really resistant and has a capacity for 1 liter of water. In addition, it is a good place to make water drinkable.
The second is a canteen. If we are going to get one, we recommend Lixada’s canteen: Not only does it have a capacity of 1 liter, but this pack includes a 600 mL mug and a stove. This can be essential for cooking or heating certain foods.
5. Sewing and fishing.
Another essential part of any survival kit is having needles and threads, on the one hand, and hooks and fishing line on the other. The needles and threads can help us to suture wounds or to fix some rips in clothing; while the hooks and the line will allow us to fish.
6. First aid kit.
A first aid kit is a must in any survival kit. This should be composed, as a minimum, of: sedative, gauze, analgesics, butterfly sutures, surgical blade, potassium permanganate (used to sterilize water) and antihistamines. Here we have an example.
7. Flexible saw.
This tool is a normal saw that can be folded and stored, very useful and easy to use “even for cutting trees” and getting firewood. You can see this example from VORCOOL.
All of the above is good to have on hand and stored in a backpack so that it is easy to remove in an emergency.
One more step to survive
With the above we will have a basic survival kit that will allow us to endure for several days and even make our water drinkable and get food. Now, if we think that the above falls short, there are other tools that can be really useful:
One of the great problems of survival is fleeing from the cold and heat. That is why thermal blankets are a very necessary good: they are bright blankets normally built in insulating polyester that avoid sudden changes in temperature. Ideal for sleeping outdoors at night.
Another tool that is simply good to have on top, since its usefulness is almost infinite. From immobilizing a joint, to joining elements or covering tears in clothing.
Military knife or shovel.
A shovel can be a basic and useful tool both in situations in which we have to defend ourselves and in which we need to remove or dig. The military shovels have the attractiveness of being multifunctional: they can function as a saw, ax, shovel, pick … To see an example, they can go to this Oziral.
The knife is another essential item. Either a large knife to be able to cut anything or a multipurpose knife that, in addition to the edge, has a screwdriver, pliers, etc.
Another great addition to our kit: a flashlight allows us to have much more efficient and powerful lighting than any fire. For example this.
Once we have covered all these points, is there anything else we can add to our survival kit? The reality is that yes, although this is already to everyone’s taste.
In addition, in ConsumptionClaro we recommend that, if you plan to create your own kit, you think about adding:
- Infusions and soluble coffee. It may seem like a trifle, but it is an element that can boost morale and “be a treat” enjoyable.
- Meal. Ideally, store dehydrated food, chocolate, salt, sugar, powdered milk, and canned foods. This will allow us to have a little more margin.
- Paper and pencil. Not only can it help us to abstract and relax in times of stress, but it can also help us remember certain things.
- Books and small board games. Especially for those of us who have little ones at home, although they take up space, they can be a relief for moments of tension.
Survival kits already assembled
Although it is best to make our own survival kit, there are some that are sold already assembled. This can be a quick solution for those who do not want to spend time creating one, but as they are packs we will not be able to adapt them to our needs:
By 29 euros, the Limitless is a “small” but “complete” survival kit on the market. It is a kit that includes several dozen tools: a red LED, two mini chemical lights, a whistle, 2 meters of paracord, steel wire, copper wire, pencil and paper, and much more.
By 43.95 euros, the AuRiver kit is a user favorite. It is a team with 24 functionalities, including a multipurpose plier, a knife and a flexible saw. In addition, it includes a small first aid kit.
By 36.88 euros, the Adventure Medical Kits pack is an option that, being really small, has a not inconsiderable amount of tools. It has a knife, LED light, a survival guide, hooks, fishing line, compass, wire, thread, etc.
Also, it is waterproof.
* The team of journalists and experts at ConsumoClaro rigorously and independently recommends products and services for our readers. Every time you buy through some links added to this text, elDiario.es receives a commission.
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