A team of scientists from the POT managed to discover wells and caves in Moon that maintain an ideal temperature to consider them refuges, even thinking of an upcoming human exploration, since they have an average of 17 degrees Celsius.
This finding has been revealed by the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) spacecraft, as well as computer models.
These pits and caves would be thermally stable sites for lunar exploration compared to areas on the Moon’s surface, which heat up to 127C during the day and cool to less than 173C at night.
“About 16 of the more than 200 pits are probably collapsed lava tubes,” explains Tyler Horvath, a planetary sciences doctoral student at the University of California, Los Angeles, who led the new research, recently published in the journal Geophysical Sciences. Research Letters’.
“Moon pits are a fascinating feature on the lunar surface,” adds LRO project scientist Noah Petro of NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland. “Knowing that they create a stable thermal environment helps us paint a picture of these unique lunar features and the prospect of someday exploring them,” he details.
The team, which included UCLA planetary science professor David Paige and Paul Hayne of the University of Colorado Boulder, believe that shading is responsible for the constant temperature, which limits heat during the day and prevents the heat is radiated at night.
“Humans evolved living in caves, and to caves we might return when we live on the Moon,” explains David Paige, a co-author of the paper who leads the Diviner Lunar Radiometer Experiment aboard LRO, which made the temperature measurements used in the study. .