Wednesday, May 18

They find in Guatemala the oldest date of the Mayan calendar | Digital Trends Spanish


Among the fragments of an ancient Mesoamerican mural located in Guatemala, a group of archaeologists has discovered the oldest evidence of the Mayan sacred calendar.

According to the researchers, this find is a very rare example of a hieroglyphic day of the year, which was written sometime between 200 and 300 BC. C., according to radiocarbon analysis.

In the mural, found in the archaeological site of San Bartolo, you can see humans and gods represented in a pyramidal temple, as well as traces of a deer’s head under a black dot and a continuous line, symbols that represent the ‘ 7 deer’, one of the 260 days of the Mayan calendar.

The ritual calendar consisted of 20 days represented with glyphs, along with thirteen numbers expressed by combinations of lines and dots counted cyclically. Other records of this calendar have been found previously in different areas of Central America, but they could not be dated precisely.

David Stuart, an expert in the Mayan culture and involved in the investigation, explains to the magazine Science Advances that it is the earliest calendar entry in the Mayan area dated with certainty. It is also one of the first evidences of the use of the 260-day calendar in Mesoamerica.

According to Stuart, this glyph is a very rare example of a clear hieroglyphic date from the Late Preclassic period, suggesting that the calendar was in use much earlier than scientists previously believed.

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