Just three months after the coup d’état that caused the start of the Spanish Civil War, squads of the Numancia Cavalry Regiment took the town of Azaña, in the north of the province of Toledo, and changed its name the following day. The National Defense Board did so through an extraordinary session. There are several initiatives that have taken place in recent years to restore the historical name of this town, including a neighborhood movement that has not succeeded. Now the Senator of Compromís Carles Mulet joins, who has asked the Government in writing.
The current name of this town is considered illegal by the Association for the Recovery of the Historical Name of Numancia de la Sagra, a group created ‘expressly’ so that this town can once again have the name it maintained for 800 years of existence.
In the minutes of the extraordinary session of October 19, 1936, it appears that the commander-in-chief of the regiment established a new Management Commission for the City Council and that, gathering the “feeling of the people” from now on, the town would bear the name of Numancia de la Sagra “For the transcendental fact of having been reconquered by the glorious squadrons of the Numancia Regiment.”
Although with this they wanted to erase from the map any mention of the president of the Second Republic, Manuel Azaña, the truth is that with this decision what was eliminated were eight centuries of history. Because it was in the 12th century when the King of Castile Sancho III donated five yuan of land to his chief treasurer for the “good and faithful services” he had rendered to his father, King Emperor Anfonso VII, in the village of ‘Al- saniya ‘. In the year 1173, a Puebla Letter from Count Ponce transferred lands to the 23 residents of this village to transmit to their descendants, but it was not until 1250 that the town was referenced by means of a German poem by Biterof and Dietleib.
“In Azaña he gave me being God and feats I have to do”
It is this text where historians share the opinion of its original name along with the words of Santa Juana, originally from the municipality: “In Azaña, being God gave me and I have to do feats.” Felipe II also refers to the town at the end of the 16th century, stating that “it is called Azaña to the present, and as long as they have news of men from children to the present it has been called Azaña and they do not know why it is called asín, nor do they know have been called otherwise before agora ”.
In his petition, Senator Mulet recalls that he already submitted a written question five years ago in which he recalled these facts and to which the Government then replied that changes of denomination in the municipalities will only have official character when after having been entered in the Registry of Entities Premises and other general considerations that “did not attend” to the peculiarity of the case.
“It was the Local Administration who agreed to change its name” and it was issued “by an illegal and illegitimate government,” says the senator, who emphasizes that “an outrage of this caliber cannot be postponed to the processing of the Democratic Memory Law. , which does not even contemplate this casuistry ”. For this reason, he asks about the Government’s measures to repeal or nullify the order by which it suppressed the historic name of this town.