Wednesday, November 30

They use 3D tomography to “unwrap” the pharaoh Amenhotep I | Digital Trends Spanish


A team of scientists from Egypt used a 3D computed tomography scan to reveal, in great detail, the entrails of Pharaoh Amenhotep I, mummified and buried more than 3,000 years ago.

The details of the finding were published in an article dated December 28, 2021 in the magazine Frontiers in Medicine, in which they explain that the corpse of Amenhotep I did not show injuries or mutilations that could explain his death when he was just 35 years old.

However, the CT scan revealed other fascinating details: Amenhotep I had good teeth, he was circumcised, and his features were very similar to those of his father, Pharaoh Ahmose I, such as a narrow chin, small nose, and curly hair.

Image of a 3D tomography of the mummy of Pharaoh Amenhotep I. Photo: Frontiers in Medicine.

Sahar Saleem, a professor of radiology at the Cairo University School of Medicine, and her co-author, Egyptologist Zahi Hawass, note that this is the first time the sarcophagus of Pharaoh Amenhotep I has been opened in 3,000 years. The first time, they point out, occurred in the 11th century BC. AD, when priests of the XXI dynasty restored the mummy of Pharaoh Amenhotep I, which had been desecrated by grave robbers.

Egypt scientists perform a 3D tomography on the mummy of pharaoh Amenhotep I
Image of a 3D tomography of the mummy of Pharaoh Amenhotep I. Photo: Frontiers in Medicine.

“That the mummy of Amenhotep I had not developed in the modern era gave us a unique opportunity: in addition to studying how it had been mummified, we found out how it was treated and buried centuries after his death by the high priests of Amun,” explains the Dr. Saleem.

Egypt scientists perform a 3D tomography on the mummy of pharaoh Amenhotep I
Image of a 3D tomography of the mummy of Pharaoh Amenhotep I. Photo: Frontiers in Medicine.

The 3D tomography process was described by experts as a “digital unfolding”. The mummy of Pharaoh Amenhotep I was discovered in 1881 at the Deir el Bahari archaeological site, in southern Egypt. Amenhotep I was the second pharaoh of the 17th dynasty and reigned between 1525 and 1504 BC.

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